Song Song - 1 month ago 13
Objective-C Question

How to combine video clips with different orientation using AVFoundation

I am trying to combine several video clips into one using AVFoundation.
I can create a single video using AVMutableComposition using the code below

AVMutableComposition *composition = [AVMutableComposition composition];

AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionVideoTrack = [composition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];

AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionAudioTrack = [composition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeAudio preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];

CMTime startTime = kCMTimeZero;

/*videoClipPaths is a array of paths of the video clips recorded*/

//for loop to combine clips into a single video
for (NSInteger i=0; i < [videoClipPaths count]; i++) {

NSString *path = (NSString*)[videoClipPaths objectAtIndex:i];

NSURL *url = [[NSURL alloc] initFileURLWithPath:path];

AVURLAsset *asset = [AVURLAsset URLAssetWithURL:url options:nil];
[url release];

AVAssetTrack *videoTrack = [[asset tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0];
AVAssetTrack *audioTrack = [[asset tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeAudio] objectAtIndex:0];

//set the orientation
if(i == 0)
{
[compositionVideoTrack setPreferredTransform:videoTrack.preferredTransform];
}

ok = [compositionVideoTrack insertTimeRange:CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, [asset duration]) ofTrack:videoTrack atTime:startTime error:nil];
ok = [compositionAudioTrack insertTimeRange:CMTimeRangeMake(kCMTimeZero, [asset duration]) ofTrack:audioTrack atTime:startTime error:nil];

startTime = CMTimeAdd(startTime, [asset duration]);
}

//export the combined video
NSString *combinedPath = /* path of the combined video*/;

NSURL *url = [[NSURL alloc] initFileURLWithPath: combinedPath];

AVAssetExportSession *exporter = [[[AVAssetExportSession alloc] initWithAsset:composition presetName:AVAssetExportPreset640x480] autorelease];

exporter.outputURL = url;
[url release];

exporter.outputFileType = [[exporter supportedFileTypes] objectAtIndex:0];

[exporter exportAsynchronouslyWithCompletionHandler:^(void){[self combineVideoFinished:exporter.outputURL status:exporter.status error:exporter.error];}];


The code above works fine if all the video clips were recorded in the same orientation (portrait or landscape). However if I have a mixture of orientations in the clips, the final video will have part of it rotated 90 degrees to the right (or left).

I was wondering is there a way to transform all clips to the same orientation (e.g. the orientation of the first clip) while composing them. From what I read from the XCode document
AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction
seems can be used to transform
AVAsset
, but I am not sure how to create and apply several different layer instruction to corresponding clips and use then in the composition (
AVMutableComposition*
)

Any help would be appreciated!

Answer

This is what I do. I then use an AVAssetExportSession to create the actual file. but I warn you, the CGAffineTransforms are sometimes applied late, so you'll see a or two of the original before the video transforms. I have no clue why this happens, a different combination of videos will yield the expected result, but sometimes its off.

AVMutableComposition *composition = [AVMutableComposition composition]; AVMutableCompositionTrack *compositionVideoTrack = [composition addMutableTrackWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo preferredTrackID:kCMPersistentTrackID_Invalid];

AVMutableVideoComposition *videoComposition = [AVMutableVideoComposition videoComposition]; videoComposition.frameDuration = CMTimeMake(1,30); videoComposition.renderScale = 1.0;

AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction *instruction = [AVMutableVideoCompositionInstruction videoCompositionInstruction]; AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction *layerInstruction = [AVMutableVideoCompositionLayerInstruction videoCompositionLayerInstructionWithAssetTrack:compositionVideoTrack];

// Get only paths the user selected NSMutableArray *array = [NSMutableArray array]; for(NSString* string in videoPathArray){
if(![string isEqualToString:@""]){
    [array addObject:string];
} 

self.videoPathArray = array;

float time = 0;

for (int i = 0; i<self.videoPathArray.count; i++) {

    AVURLAsset *sourceAsset = [AVURLAsset URLAssetWithURL:[NSURL fileURLWithPath:[videoPathArray objectAtIndex:i]] options:[NSDictionary dictionaryWithObject:[NSNumber numberWithBool:YES] forKey:AVURLAssetPreferPreciseDurationAndTimingKey]];

    NSError *error = nil;

    BOOL ok = NO;
    AVAssetTrack *sourceVideoTrack = [[sourceAsset tracksWithMediaType:AVMediaTypeVideo] objectAtIndex:0];

    CGSize temp = CGSizeApplyAffineTransform(sourceVideoTrack.naturalSize, sourceVideoTrack.preferredTransform);
    CGSize size = CGSizeMake(fabsf(temp.width), fabsf(temp.height));
    CGAffineTransform transform = sourceVideoTrack.preferredTransform;

    videoComposition.renderSize = sourceVideoTrack.naturalSize;
    if (size.width > size.height) {
        [layerInstruction setTransform:transform atTime:CMTimeMakeWithSeconds(time, 30)];
    } else {

        float s = size.width/size.height;

        CGAffineTransform new = CGAffineTransformConcat(transform, CGAffineTransformMakeScale(s,s));

        float x = (size.height - size.width*s)/2;

        CGAffineTransform newer = CGAffineTransformConcat(new, CGAffineTransformMakeTranslation(x, 0));

        [layerInstruction setTransform:newer atTime:CMTimeMakeWithSeconds(time, 30)];
    }

    ok = [compositionVideoTrack insertTimeRange:sourceVideoTrack.timeRange ofTrack:sourceVideoTrack atTime:[composition duration] error:&error];

    if (!ok) {
        // Deal with the error.
        NSLog(@"something went wrong");
    }

    NSLog(@"\n source asset duration is %f \n source vid track timerange is %f %f \n composition duration is %f \n composition vid track time range is %f %f",CMTimeGetSeconds([sourceAsset duration]), CMTimeGetSeconds(sourceVideoTrack.timeRange.start),CMTimeGetSeconds(sourceVideoTrack.timeRange.duration),CMTimeGetSeconds([composition duration]), CMTimeGetSeconds(compositionVideoTrack.timeRange.start),CMTimeGetSeconds(compositionVideoTrack.timeRange.duration));

    time += CMTimeGetSeconds(sourceVideoTrack.timeRange.duration);
     }

instruction.layerInstructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject:layerInstruction]; instruction.timeRange = compositionVideoTrack.timeRange;

videoComposition.instructions = [NSArray arrayWithObject:instruction];

This is what I do. I then use an AVAssetExportSession to create the actual file. but I warn you, the CGAffineTransforms are sometimes applied late, so you'll see a or two of the original before the video transforms. I have no clue why this happens, a different combination of videos will yield the expected result, but sometimes its off.