Joey Joey - 3 years ago 81
MySQL Question

How to search for special characters in database?

I have a search where visitors can search for an article's title. It's working great until they try to search for an utf-8 character.

Here's the problem: You search for "új" and you get results from title which contains "új", but not "Új".

In the database I have the uft-8 characters stored as html entities, so "új" looks like: "&#250 ;j" and "Új" looks like "&#218 ;".

I have a function, which converts these utf8 characters to html entities.
E.g.:

$text = str_replace("Ú","Ú",$text);
$text = str_replace("ú","ú",$text);


What I want to do is, if someone searches for ú also show results for Ú, but because they are different characters in the database (&#218 ; and &#250 ;), therefore strtolower (or mb_strtolower) doesn't work, it only works for normal characters like E and e or U and u.

What should I do? Would it be better to store the utf-8 characters as utf-8 in the database?

Answer Source

Since you want this data for search optimization purposes what I would do is:

  • Add a slug field to the database, that contains the tittle as a lowercase non UTF8.

  • When searching conver the user input query to the same slug using that library

For more information you could take a look here you will need to write a migration script to convert all the already existing titles to slug strings and add that colum to the database, but that should be more or less trivial.

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