I found the following code snippet which allows
[[NSNotificationCenter defaultCenter] postNotificationName:@"ImageRetrieved"
Yes you can.
Generally you want the NSNotifications to be sent on the main , especially if they trigger UI activities like dismissing a modal login dialog.
Regular notification centers deliver notifications on the thread in which the notification was posted. Distributed notification centers deliver notifications on the main thread. At times, you may require notifications to be delivered on a particular thread that is determined by you instead of the notification center. For example, if an object running in a background thread is listening for notifications from the user interface, such as a window closing, you would like to receive the notifications in the background thread instead of the main thread. In these cases, you must capture the notifications as they are delivered on the default thread and redirect them to the appropriate thread.