user2255757 user2255757 - 2 months ago 14x
Python Question

theano T.grad() error: not part of computational graph


a = T.vector()
b = T.vector()

loss = T.sum(a-b)

dy = T.grad(loss, a)
d2y = T.grad(loss, dy)

f = theano.function([a,b], y)
print f([.5,.5,.5], [1,0,1])


theano.gradient.DisconnectedInputError: grad method was asked to compute
the gradientwith respect to a variable that is not part of the
computational graph of the cost, or is used only by a non-differentiable
operator: Elemwise{second}.0

how is a derivative of the graph not part of the graph? Is this why scan is used to compute the hessian?



d2y = T.grad(loss, dy)

you are attempting to compute the gradient of the loss with respect to dy. However the loss depends only on the values of a and b and not dy, hence the error. It only makes sense to compute partial derivatives of the loss with respect to parameters that actually affect its value.

The easiest way to compute the Hessian in Theano is to use the theano.gradient.hessian convenience function:

d2y = theano.gradient.hessian(loss, a)

See the documentation here for an alternative manual method that uses a combination of theano.grad and theano.scan.

In your example the Hessian will be a 3x3 matrix of zeros, since the partial derivative of the loss w.r.t. a is independent of a (it's just a vector of ones).