moDev moDev - 18 days ago 6
Android Question

How to use signalr in Android

I am trying to integrate

signalR
in
android
app but no luck. I've been looking at various links but none of them provide proper information about implementation.

I've the following questions.


  • SignalR
    integration has to be done inside Service/Intent Service?

  • If we want to receive response via same calling method then how to get?



I've added three libraries i.e signalr android,signalr client and gson but unable to understand how code works, no proper documentation is available to understand the code.

Some of the questions asked but not much information

SignalR in Android Studio
Unable to implement p2p chat using SignalR in Android

If anyone experienced in signal for native apps, it would be very helpful for me.

Update

public class SignalRService extends Service {


private static final String TAG = "Service";
private HubConnection mHubConnection;
private HubProxy mHubProxy;
private Handler mHandler; // to display Toast message
private final IBinder mBinder = new LocalBinder();

private SharedPreferences sp;

@Override
public void onCreate() {
super.onCreate();

Utility.showLog(TAG, "Service Created");

sp = getSharedPreferences(Utility.SHARED_PREFS, MODE_PRIVATE);
mHandler = new Handler(Looper.myLooper());
}

@Override
public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {

int result = super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId);
startSignalR();
return result;
}

@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {

startSignalR();
return mBinder;
}

/**
* Class used for the client Binder. Because we know this service always
* runs in the same process as its clients, we don't need to deal with IPC.
*/
public class LocalBinder extends Binder {
public SignalRService getService() {
// Return this instance of SignalRService so clients can call public methods
return SignalRService.this;
}
}

/**
* method for clients (activities)
*/
public void sendMessage() {

String SERVER_METHOD_SEND = "iAmAvailable";
final String string = new String();

mHubProxy.invoke(new String(), SERVER_METHOD_SEND, sp.getString("user_id", null), sp.getString("pass", null), "TransMedic").done(new Action() {
@Override
public void run(Object o) throws Exception {

Utility.showLog(TAG, o.toString());

}


}).onError(new ErrorCallback() {
@Override
public void onError(Throwable throwable) {

}
});
}

private void startSignalR() {

Platform.loadPlatformComponent(new AndroidPlatformComponent());

String serverUrl = "http://transit.alwaysaware.org/signalr";

mHubConnection = new HubConnection(serverUrl);

String SERVER_HUB_CHAT = "ChatHub";

mHubProxy = mHubConnection.createHubProxy(SERVER_HUB_CHAT);

ClientTransport clientTransport = new ServerSentEventsTransport(mHubConnection.getLogger());

SignalRFuture<Void> signalRFuture = mHubConnection.start(clientTransport);


try {

signalRFuture.get();

} catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {

e.printStackTrace();
return;

}

sendMessage();
}

@Override
public void onDestroy() {

mHubConnection.stop();
super.onDestroy();

}


}

BNK BNK
Answer

SERVER SIDE:

The following is my sample server-side code, you can pay attention to public void Send(string message) and public void SendChatMessage(string to, string message).

  • Server-side app: public void SendChatMessage(string to, string message)

    • Android client app: mHubProxy.invoke("SendChatMessage", receiverName, message);
  • Server-side app: public void Send(string message)

    • Android client app: mHubProxy.invoke("Send", message);
namespace SignalRDemo
{
    public class ChatHub : Hub
    {
        private static ConcurrentDictionary<string, string> FromUsers = new ConcurrentDictionary<string, string>();         // <connectionId, userName>
        private static ConcurrentDictionary<string, string> ToUsers = new ConcurrentDictionary<string, string>();           // <userName, connectionId>
        private string userName = "";

    public override Task OnConnected()
    {
        DoConnect();
        Clients.AllExcept(Context.ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = userName, Message = "I'm Online" });
        return base.OnConnected();
    }

    public override Task OnDisconnected(bool stopCalled)
    {
        if (stopCalled) // Client explicitly closed the connection
        {
            string id = Context.ConnectionId;
            FromUsers.TryRemove(id, out userName);
            ToUsers.TryRemove(userName, out id);
            Clients.AllExcept(Context.ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = userName, Message = "I'm Offline" });
        }
        else // Client timed out
        {
            // Do nothing here...
            // FromUsers.TryGetValue(Context.ConnectionId, out userName);            
            // Clients.AllExcept(Context.ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = userName, Message = "I'm Offline By TimeOut"});                
        }

        return base.OnDisconnected(stopCalled);
    }

    public override Task OnReconnected()
    {
        DoConnect();
        Clients.AllExcept(Context.ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = userName, Message = "I'm Online Again" });
        return base.OnReconnected();
    }

    private void DoConnect()
    {
        userName = Context.Request.Headers["User-Name"];
        if (userName == null || userName.Length == 0)
        {
            userName = Context.QueryString["User-Name"]; // for javascript clients
        }
        FromUsers.TryAdd(Context.ConnectionId, userName);
        String oldId; // for case: disconnected from Client
        ToUsers.TryRemove(userName, out oldId);
        ToUsers.TryAdd(userName, Context.ConnectionId);
    }

    public void Send(string message)
    {
        // Call the broadcastMessage method to update clients.            
        string fromUser;
        FromUsers.TryGetValue(Context.ConnectionId, out fromUser);
        Clients.AllExcept(Context.ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = fromUser, Message = message });
    }

    public void SendChatMessage(string to, string message)
    {
        FromUsers.TryGetValue(Context.ConnectionId, out userName);
        string receiver_ConnectionId;
        ToUsers.TryGetValue(to, out receiver_ConnectionId);

        if (receiver_ConnectionId != null && receiver_ConnectionId.Length > 0)
        {
            Clients.Client(receiver_ConnectionId).broadcastMessage(new ChatMessage() { UserName = userName, Message = message });
        }
    }        
}

public class ChatMessage
{
    public string UserName { get; set; }
    public string Message { get; set; }
}
}

CLIENT SIDE:

If you have not read my answer at the following question:

SignalR integration in android studio

Then, here is my working basic code:

public class SignalRService extends Service {
    private HubConnection mHubConnection;
    private HubProxy mHubProxy;
    private Handler mHandler; // to display Toast message
    private final IBinder mBinder = new LocalBinder(); // Binder given to clients

public SignalRService() {
}

@Override
public void onCreate() {
    super.onCreate();
    mHandler = new Handler(Looper.getMainLooper());
}

@Override
public int onStartCommand(Intent intent, int flags, int startId) {
    int result = super.onStartCommand(intent, flags, startId);
    startSignalR();
    return result;
}

@Override
public void onDestroy() {
    mHubConnection.stop();
    super.onDestroy();
}

@Override
public IBinder onBind(Intent intent) {
    // Return the communication channel to the service.
    startSignalR();
    return mBinder;
}

/**
 * Class used for the client Binder.  Because we know this service always
 * runs in the same process as its clients, we don't need to deal with IPC.
 */
public class LocalBinder extends Binder {
    public SignalRService getService() {
        // Return this instance of SignalRService so clients can call public methods
        return SignalRService.this;
    }
}

/**
 * method for clients (activities)
 */
public void sendMessage(String message) {
    String SERVER_METHOD_SEND = "Send";
    mHubProxy.invoke(SERVER_METHOD_SEND, message);
}    

private void startSignalR() {
    Platform.loadPlatformComponent(new AndroidPlatformComponent());

    Credentials credentials = new Credentials() {
        @Override
        public void prepareRequest(Request request) {
            request.addHeader("User-Name", "BNK");
        }
    };

    String serverUrl = "http://192.168.1.100";
    mHubConnection = new HubConnection(serverUrl);
    mHubConnection.setCredentials(credentials);
    String SERVER_HUB_CHAT = "ChatHub";
    mHubProxy = mHubConnection.createHubProxy(SERVER_HUB_CHAT);
    ClientTransport clientTransport = new ServerSentEventsTransport(mHubConnection.getLogger());
    SignalRFuture<Void> signalRFuture = mHubConnection.start(clientTransport);

    try {
        signalRFuture.get();
    } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
        return;
    }

    String HELLO_MSG = "Hello from Android!";
    sendMessage(HELLO_MSG);

    String CLIENT_METHOD_BROADAST_MESSAGE = "broadcastMessage";
    mHubProxy.on(CLIENT_METHOD_BROADAST_MESSAGE,
            new SubscriptionHandler1<CustomMessage>() {
                @Override
                public void run(final CustomMessage msg) {
                    final String finalMsg = msg.UserName + " says " + msg.Message;
                    // display Toast message
                    mHandler.post(new Runnable() {
                        @Override
                        public void run() {
                            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), finalMsg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        }
                    });
                }
            }
            , CustomMessage.class);
}
}

Activity:

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

private final Context mContext = this;
private SignalRService mService;
private boolean mBound = false;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    Intent intent = new Intent();
    intent.setClass(mContext, SignalRService.class);
    bindService(intent, mConnection, Context.BIND_AUTO_CREATE);
}

@Override
protected void onStop() {
    // Unbind from the service
    if (mBound) {
        unbindService(mConnection);
        mBound = false;
    }
    super.onStop();
}    

public void sendMessage(View view) {
    if (mBound) {
        // Call a method from the SignalRService.
        // However, if this call were something that might hang, then this request should
        // occur in a separate thread to avoid slowing down the activity performance.
        EditText editText = (EditText) findViewById(R.id.edit_message);            
        if (editText != null && editText.getText().length() > 0) {                
            String message = editText.getText().toString();
            mService.sendMessage(message);
        }
    }
}

/**
 * Defines callbacks for service binding, passed to bindService()
 */
private final ServiceConnection mConnection = new ServiceConnection() {

    @Override
    public void onServiceConnected(ComponentName className,
                                   IBinder service) {
        // We've bound to SignalRService, cast the IBinder and get SignalRService instance
        SignalRService.LocalBinder binder = (SignalRService.LocalBinder) service;
        mService = binder.getService();
        mBound = true;
    }

    @Override
    public void onServiceDisconnected(ComponentName arg0) {
        mBound = false;
    }
};
}

CustomMessage Class:

public class CustomMessage {
    public String UserName;
    public String Message;
}

You can also see my sample client project at this GitHub link


UPDATE FOR RESPONSE FROM INVOKE:

I have just added new sample methods:

Server side:

public string iAmAvailable(string username, string password, string message)
{            
     return "BNK Response for testing Android INVOKE";
}

Client side:

mHubProxy.invoke(String.class, "iAmAvailable", "username", "password", "TransMedic").done(new Action<String>() {
            @Override
            public void run(String s) throws Exception {
                Log.w("SimpleSignalR", s);
            }
        }).onError(new ErrorCallback() {
            @Override
            public void onError(Throwable throwable) {
                Log.e("SimpleSignalR", throwable.toString());
            }
        });

And here is the screenshot:

Android SignalR Invoke Response

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