Vorpulus Lyphane Vorpulus Lyphane - 2 months ago 18
Ruby Question

Ruby HTTP2 GET request

I'm trying to use the Ruby gem http-2 to send a GET request to Google.

I've lifted the code directly from the example and simplified it slightly:

require 'http/2'
require 'socket'
require 'openssl'
require 'uri'

uri = URI.parse('http://www.google.com/')
tcp = TCPSocket.new(uri.host, uri.port)
sock = tcp

conn = HTTP2::Client.new
conn.on(:frame) do |bytes|
# puts "Sending bytes: #{bytes.unpack("H*").first}"
sock.print bytes
sock.flush
end
conn.on(:frame_sent) do |frame|
puts "Sent frame: #{frame.inspect}"
end
conn.on(:frame_received) do |frame|
puts "Received frame: #{frame.inspect}"
end

stream = conn.new_stream

stream.on(:close) do
puts 'stream closed'
sock.close
end

stream.on(:half_close) do
puts 'closing client-end of the stream'
end

stream.on(:headers) do |h|
puts "response headers: #{h}"
end

stream.on(:data) do |d|
puts "response data chunk: <<#{d}>>"
end

head = {
':scheme' => uri.scheme,
':method' => 'GET',
':path' => uri.path
}

puts 'Sending HTTP 2.0 request'
stream.headers(head, end_stream: true)

while !sock.closed? && !sock.eof?
data = sock.read_nonblock(1024)
# puts "Received bytes: #{data.unpack("H*").first}"

begin
conn << data
rescue => e
puts "#{e.class} exception: #{e.message} - closing socket."
e.backtrace.each { |l| puts "\t" + l }
sock.close
end
end


The output is:

Sending HTTP 2.0 request
Sent frame: {:type=>:settings, :stream=>0, :payload=>[[:settings_max_concurrent_streams, 100]]}
Sent frame: {:type=>:headers, :flags=>[:end_headers, :end_stream], :payload=>[[":scheme", "http"], [":method", "GET"], [":path", "/"]], :stream=>1}
closing client-end of the stream


(Note: you get pretty much the same output as above by running the actual example file, i.e., ruby client.rb http://www.google.com/)

Why is no response data being displayed?

Answer

Public servers like google.com do not support HTTP/2 in clear text.

You are trying to connect to http://google.com, while you should really connect to https://google.com (note the https scheme).

In order to do that, you may need to wrap the TCP socket using TLS (see for example here), if http-2 does not do it for you.

Note also that HTTP/2 requires strong TLS ciphers and ALPN, so make sure that you have an updated version of OpenSSL (at least 1.0.2).

Given that the author of http-2 is a strong HTTP/2 supporter, I am guessing that your only problem is the fact that you tried clear-text http rather than https, and I expect that TLS cipher strength and ALPN are taken care of by the http-2 library.