s84 s84 - 1 month ago 19
Ruby Question

All factors of a given number

For example, I have 4800 and I would like to see all the factors of this number.

# num = the number you want factors of

def factors_of(num)
(1..num).collect { |n| [n, num/n] if ((num/n) * n) == num}.compact
end



divisors_of(4800)
=> [[1, 4800], [2, 2400], [3, 1600], [4, 1200], [5, 960], [6, 800], [8, 600], [10, 480], [12, 400], [15, 320], [16, 300], [20, 240], [24, 200], [25, 192], [30, 160], [32, 150], [40, 120], [48, 100], [50, 96], [60, 80], [64, 75], [75, 64], [80, 60], [96, 50], [100, 48], [120, 40], [150, 32], [160, 30], [192, 25], [200, 24], [240, 20], [300, 16], [320, 15], [400, 12], [480, 10], [600, 8], [800, 6], [960, 5], [1200, 4], [1600, 3], [2400, 2], [4800, 1]]






How would you do this in ruby or any language?

Answer

In Ruby, the prime library gives you the factorization:

require 'prime'
4800.prime_division #=> [[2, 6], [3, 1], [5, 2]]

To get that list of yours, you take the cartesian product of the possible powers:

require 'prime'
def factors_of(number)
  primes, powers = number.prime_division.transpose
  exponents = powers.map{|i| (0..i).to_a}
  divisors = exponents.shift.product(*exponents).map do |powers|
    primes.zip(powers).map{|prime, power| prime ** power}.inject(:*)
  end
  divisors.sort.map{|div| [div, number / div]}
end

p factors_of(4800) # => [[1, 4800], [2, 2400], ..., [4800, 1]]

Note: In Ruby 1.8.7, you must require 'mathn' instead of require 'prime'. In Ruby 1.8.6, require 'backports/1.8.7/enumerable/inject' or modify the inject above...