HEMS - 2 years ago 149
Python Question

# How to generate PWM using python

I am using the Python codes to generate PWM signal in using vectorization method.But still facing issues.Could anyone help me in this.

``````import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

percent=input('Enter the percentage:');
TimePeriod=input('Enter the time period:');
Cycles=input('Enter the number of cycles:');

y=1;

x=np.linspace(0,Cycles*TimePeriod,0.01);
t=(percent/100)*TimePeriod;

for n in range(0,Cycles):
y[(n*TimePeriod < x) & (x < n*TimePeriod+t)] = 1;
y[(n*TimePeriod+t < x)& (x < (n+1)*TimePeriod)] = 0;

plt.plot(y)
plt.grid()
end
``````

The biggest issue was that you can't assign to y[index] unless y is a vector, but you made it a number. Now there are many ways to do that periodic assignment, I personally like to use the `modulo` `%` operator.

``````import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
%matplotlib inline

percent=float(raw_input('on percentage:'))
TimePeriod=float(raw_input('time period:'))
Cycles=int(raw_input('number of cycles:'))
dt=0.01  # 0.01 appears to be your time resolution

x=np.arange(0,Cycles*TimePeriod,dt);  #linspace's third argument is number of samples, not step

y=np.zeros_like(x)   # makes array of zeros of the same length as x
npts=TimePeriod/dt

i=0
while i*dt< Cycles*TimePeriod:
if (i % npts)/npts < percent/100.0:
y[i]=1
i=i+1

plt.plot(x,y,'.-')
plt.ylim([-.1,1.1])
``````

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