emehex emehex - 3 months ago 41
JSON Question

Parse Error: "Trailing Garbage" while trying to parse JSON column in data frame

I have a log file that look like this.

I'm trying to parse the JSON in the

Message
column by:

library(readr)
library(jsonlite)

df <- read_csv("log_file_from_above.csv")
fromJSON(as.character(df$Message))


But, I'm hitting the following error:

Error: parse error: trailing garbage
"isEmailConfirmed": false } { "id": -1, "firstName":
(right here) ------^


How can I get rid of the "trailing garbage"?

Answer

fromJSON() isn't "apply"ing against the character vector, it's trying to convert it all to a data frame. You can try

purrr::map(df$Message, jsonlite::fromJSON)

what @Abdou provided or

jsonlite::stream_in(textConnection(gsub("\\n", "", df$Message)))

The latter two will create data frames. The first will create a list you can add as a column.

You can use the last method with dplyr::bind_cols to make a new data frame with all the data:

dplyr::bind_cols(df[,1:3],
                 jsonlite::stream_in(textConnection(gsub("\\n", "", df$Message))))

Also suggested by @Abdou is an almost pure base R solution:

cbind(df, do.call(plyr::rbind.fill, lapply(paste0("[",df$Message,"]"), function(x) jsonlite::fromJSON(x))))

Full, working, workflow:

library(dplyr)
library(jsonlite)

df <- read.table("http://pastebin.com/raw/MMPMwNZv",
                 quote='"', sep=",", stringsAsFactors=FALSE, header=TRUE)

bind_cols(df[,1:3], stream_in(textConnection(gsub("\\n", "", df$Message)))) %>%
  glimpse()
## 
 Found 3 records...
 Imported 3 records. Simplifying into dataframe...
## Observations: 3
## Variables: 19
## $ Id                  <int> 35054, 35055, 35059
## $ Date                <chr> "2016-06-17 19:29:43 +0000", "2016-06-17 1...
## $ Level               <chr> "INFO", "INFO", "INFO"
## $ id                  <int> -2, -1, -3
## $ ipAddress           <chr> "100.100.100.100", NA, "100.200.300.400"
## $ howYouHearAboutUs   <chr> NA, "Radio", NA
## $ isInterestedInOffer <lgl> TRUE, FALSE, TRUE
## $ incomeRange         <int> 60000, 1, 100000
## $ isEmailConfirmed    <lgl> FALSE, NA, TRUE
## $ firstName           <chr> NA, "John", NA
## $ lastName            <chr> NA, "Smith", NA
## $ email               <chr> NA, "john.smith@gmail.com", NA
## $ city                <chr> NA, "Smalltown", NA
## $ birthDate           <chr> NA, "1999-12-10T05:00:00Z", NA
## $ password            <chr> NA, "*********", NA
## $ agreeToTermsOfUse   <lgl> NA, TRUE, TRUE
## $ visitUrl            <chr> NA, NA, "https://www.website.com/?purpose=X"
## $ isIdentityConfirmed <lgl> NA, NA, FALSE
## $ validationResults   <lgl> NA, NA, NA