onmyway133 onmyway133 - 4 months ago 48
Swift Question

How to swizzle init in Swift

I'm following Swift & the Objective-C Runtime, it works for normal methods

I like to swizzle init method, from my understanding, init is like a class method. So I tried swizzling init as instance and class method. But it does not seem to work

I can make it work using Objective C, just wonder how to make it work in Swift

Excerpted from my gist

dispatch_once(&Static.token) {
let originalSelector = Selector("init:source:destination:")
let swizzledSelector = Selector("ftg_init:source:destination:")

let originalMethod = class_getClassMethod(self, originalSelector)
let swizzledMethod = class_getClassMethod(self, swizzledSelector)

let didAddMethod = class_addMethod(self, originalSelector, method_getImplementation(swizzledMethod), method_getTypeEncoding(swizzledMethod))

if didAddMethod {
class_replaceMethod(self, swizzledSelector, method_getImplementation(originalMethod), method_getTypeEncoding(originalMethod))
} else {
method_exchangeImplementations(originalMethod, swizzledMethod);
}
}

Answer

When creating the selector for a method, you should base it off the Obj C method signature since swizzling is done using the Obj C runtime.

So the original selector should be

initWithIdentifier:source:destination:

Now this gets a little weird, since your init method is defined so that the label on the first argument is required (by having identifier twice), the selector you want to use is actually

ftg_initWithIdentifier:source:destination:

The only documentation I could find about it talk about the translation from Obj C to Swift but it looks like the reverse is happening from Swift to Obj C.

Next, init... is an instance method so you'll need to make two changes. You need to change class_getClassMethod to class_getInstanceMethod and you need to remove class from your ft_init... method.

So when all is said and done, your code should look like this (which worked for me)

dispatch_once(&Static.token) {
    let originalSelector = Selector("initWithIdentifier:source:destination:")
    let swizzledSelector = Selector("ftg_initWithIdentifier:source:destination:")

    let originalMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(self, originalSelector)
    let swizzledMethod = class_getInstanceMethod(self, swizzledSelector)

    let didAddMethod = class_addMethod(self, originalSelector, method_getImplementation(swizzledMethod), method_getTypeEncoding(swizzledMethod))

    if didAddMethod {
        class_replaceMethod(self, swizzledSelector, method_getImplementation(originalMethod), method_getTypeEncoding(originalMethod))
    } else {
        method_exchangeImplementations(originalMethod, swizzledMethod);
    }
}

func ftg_init(identifier identifier: String!,
    source: UIViewController,
    destination: UIViewController) -> UIStoryboardSegue {

    return ftg_init(identifier: identifier,
        source: source,
        destination: destination.ftg_resolve())
}
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