Joe Slater Joe Slater - 3 months ago 89
C# Question

An unhandled exception of type 'System.TypeInitializationException' occurred in EntityFramework.dll

I was trying to learn Entity Framework and SQLite using this tutorial. However, I get an error.

The error thrown is:

An unhandled exception of type 'System.TypeInitializationException' occurred in EntityFramework.dll

Additional information: The type initializer for 'System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig' threw an exception.


Here is the full error trace:

System.TypeInitializationException: The type initializer for 'System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig' threw an exception. ---> System.Configuration.Configuration
ErrorsException: Configuration system failed to initialize ---> System.Configuration.ConfigurationErrorsException: Only one <configSections> element allowed per config file and if present must be the first child of the root <configuration>
element. (C:\Users\Ankur\Documents\Visual Studio 2012\Projects\ConsoleApplication1\ConsoleApplication1\bin\Debug\ConsoleApplication1.vshost.exe.config line 11)
at System.Configuration.ConfigurationSchemaErrors.ThrowIfErrors(Boolean ignoreLocal)
at System.Configuration.BaseConfigurationRecord.ThrowIfParseErrors(ConfigurationSchemaErrors schemaErrors)
at System.Configuration.BaseConfigurationRecord.ThrowIfInitErrors()
at System.Configuration.ClientConfigurationSystem.EnsureInit(String configKey)
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at System.Configuration.ClientConfigurationSystem.EnsureInit(String configKey)
at System.Configuration.ClientConfigurationSystem.PrepareClientConfigSystem(String sectionName)
at System.Configuration.ClientConfigurationSystem.System.Configuration.Internal.IInternalConfigSystem.GetSection(String sectionName)
at System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.get_ConnectionStrings()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig..ctor()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig..cctor()
--- End of inner exception stack trace ---
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.AppConfig.get_DefaultInstance()
at System.Data.Entity.Internal.LazyInternalConnection..ctor(String nameOrConnectionString)
at System.Data.Entity.DbContext..ctor()
at ConsoleApplication1.ChinookContext..ctor()
at ConsoleApplication1.Program.Main(String[] args) in c:\Users\Ankur\Documents\Visual Studio 2012\Projects\ConsoleApplication1\ConsoleApplication1\Program.cs
:line 16


Here is the C# code:

namespace ConsoleApplication1
{
class Program
{
static void Main(string[] args)
{
using (var context = new ChinookContext()) //error comes on this line
{
}
}
}

class ChinookContext : DbContext
{
}
}


Here is file App.config:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<configuration>
<system.data>
<DbProviderFactories>
<add name="SQLite Data Provider" invariant="System.Data.SQLite" description="Data Provider for SQLite" type="System.Data.SQLite.SQLiteFactory, System.Data.SQLite" />
</DbProviderFactories>
</system.data>
<connectionStrings>
<add name="ChinookContext" connectionString="Data Source=|DataDirectory|Chinook_Sqlite_AutoIncrementPKs.sqlite" providerName="System.Data.SQLite" />
</connectionStrings>
<configSections>
<section name="entityFramework" type="System.Data.Entity.Internal.ConfigFile.EntityFrameworkSection, EntityFramework, Version=5.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b77a5c561934e089" requirePermission="false" />
<!-- For more information on Entity Framework configuration, visit http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=237468 -->
</configSections>
<startup>
<supportedRuntime version="v4.0" sku=".NETFramework,Version=v4.5" />
</startup>
<entityFramework>
<defaultConnectionFactory type="System.Data.Entity.Infrastructure.LocalDbConnectionFactory, EntityFramework">
<parameters>
<parameter value="v11.0" />
</parameters>
</defaultConnectionFactory>
</entityFramework>
</configuration>


Here is file packages.config:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<packages>
<package id="EntityFramework" version="5.0.0" targetFramework="net45" />
<package id="System.Data.SQLite.x86" version="1.0.86.0" targetFramework="net45" />
</packages>

Answer

Read the message:

Only one <configSections> element allowed per config file and if present must be the first child of the root <configuration> element.

Move the configSections element to the top - just above where system.data is currently.