Robert Robert - 3 months ago 11
C# Question

How to join two Lists based on common property

Suppose I have two

Lists<myObject>
where
myObject
consists of the two properties

Id (of type
Int
) and

Value (of type
Double
)

I need to get a list out of these two lists that is made of (anonymous) objects like this:

Id, [Double value from List 1], [Double value from List 2]


So if for a given Id both lists contain a value, it should look like this example:

12, 21.75, 19,87


If one list does not contain an object with an Id that is present in the other list, the value should be null:

15, null, 22.52


How can I achieve that? Thanks for your help!

Update: I know how I could get such a list, of course, but I'm looking for the most performant way to do it, preferrably by using some witty Linq magic.

Answer

Not sure how optimized this is, but should suit your needs - Assuming I understood what you wanted:

var enumerable1 = new[]
{
    new {Id = "A", Value = 1.0},
    new {Id = "B", Value = 2.0},
    new {Id = "C", Value = 3.0},
    new {Id = "D", Value = 4.0},
    new {Id = "E", Value = 5.0},
};

var enumerable2 = new[]
{
    new {Id = "A", Value = 6.0},
    new {Id = "NOT PRESENT", Value = 542.23},
    new {Id = "C", Value = 7.0},
    new {Id = "D", Value = 8.0},
    new {Id = "E", Value = 9.0},
};

var result = enumerable1.Join(enumerable2, arg => arg.Id, arg => arg.Id,
    (first, second) => new {Id = first.Id, Value1 = first.Value, Value2 = second.Value});

foreach (var item in result)
    Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1} - {2}", item.Id, item.Value1, item.Value2);
Console.ReadLine();

The resulting output would be something akin to:

A: 1 - 6
C: 3 - 7
D: 4 - 8
E: 5 - 9

Don't really see why you would want null values returned, unless you absolutely need to (Besides, double is not-nullable, so it would have to be the resulting combined entry that would be null instead).