Blanca Hdez Blanca Hdez - 10 months ago 90
Java Question

Using wildcards in java classpath

I am running a shell script that is supposed to execute a


java -classpath /path/to/app/conf/lib/nameJar* com.example.ClassTest

In this point I get this exception:

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: org/springframework/context/ApplicationContext
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext
at Method)
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(
at sun.misc.Launcher$AppClassLoader.loadClass(
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(
at java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClassInternal(

This is because the spring jars are located in another folder. SO I have changed the script:

java -classpath /path/to/app/conf/lib/nameJar*:/path/to/app/lib/spring* com.example.ClassTest

But with this script, the com.example.ClassTest can not be found. Any ideas about this issue?

Thanks in advance

Answer Source

The java classpath wildcard expansion is unusual.

From the docs:

Understanding class path wildcards

Class path entries can contain the basename wildcard character *, which is considered equivalent to specifying a list of all the files in the directory with the extension .jar or .JAR. For example, the class path entry foo/* specifies all JAR files in the directory named foo. A classpath entry consisting simply of * expands to a list of all the jar files in the current directory.

So, what you need to specify is:

java -classpath /path/to/app/conf/lib/*:/path/to/app/lib/*

If you need only specific jars, you will need to add them individually. The classpath string does not accept generic wildcards like nameJar*, *.jar, spring* etc.

Read Setting multiple jars in java classpath for more information.