In the outlook object model, most objects have a
Class property, which returns an enumeration of type
OlObjectType, saying what type of object it is. Other properties common to outlook (and indeed MS Office) object are
If you really want to, it should be easy enough to make a function
describe_outlook_object which returns a string with useful information. You will have to write it yourself of course.
Alternatively if you just want to explore the object model, you could do worse than hit Alt+F11 in Outlook and have a play with Visual Basic. (You will have to enable macros.)