HogRider123 - 3 months ago 12

Python Question

(I can't use Numpy or any other library function as this is a question I have to do, I have to define my own way. Thankyou.)

I am writing a function that takes two lists (2 dimensional) as arguments. The function should calculate the element-wise product of both lists and store them in a third list and return this resultant list from the function.

An example of the input lists are:

`[[2,3,5,6,7],[5,2,9,3,7]]`

`[[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2]]`

The function prints the following list:

`[[10, 6, 45, 18, 49], [5, 6, 45, 6, 14]]`

That is 2*5=10, 3*2=6, 5*9=45 ... and so on.

This is my code below, but it is only for a list with 2 lists (elements) inside in it like the example above and works perfectly fine for that, but what I want is to edit my code so that no matter how many number of lists (elements) are there in the 2-D list, it should print out its element-wise product in a new 2-D list. Eg, it should also work for

`[[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2],[1,3,5,2,2]]`

or

`[[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2],[1,3,5,2,2],[5,2,9,3,7]]`

or any number of lists there are within the whole list.

`def ElementwiseProduct(l,l2):`

i=0

newlist=[] #create empty list to put prouct of elements in later

newlist2=[]

newlist3=[] #empty list to put both new lists which will have proudcts in them

while i==0:

a=0

while a<len(l[i]):

prod=l[i][a]*l2[i][a] #corresponding product of lists elements

newlist.append(prod) #adding the products to new list

a+=1

i+=1

while i==1:

a=0

while a<len(l[i]):

prod=l[i][a]*l2[i][a] #corresponding product of lists elements

newlist2.append(prod) #adding the products to new list

a+=1

i+=1

newlist3.append(newlist)

newlist3.append(newlist2)

print newlist3

#2 dimensional list example

list1=[[2,3,5,6,7],[5,2,9,3,7]]

list2=[[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2]]

ElementwiseProduct(list1,list2)

Answer

You can `zip`

the two lists in a *list comprehension*, then further `zip`

the resulting *sublists* and then finally multiply the items:

```
list2 = [[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2]]
list1 = [[2,3,5,6,7],[5,2,9,3,7]]
result = [[a*b for a, b in zip(i,j)] for i, j in zip(list1, list2)]
print(result)
# [[10, 6, 45, 18, 49], [5, 6, 45, 6, 14]]
```

Should in case the *lists*/*sublists* do not have the same number of elements, `itertools.izip_longest`

can be used to generate fill values such as an empty sublist for the smaller list, or 0 for the shorter sublist:

```
from itertools import izip_longest
list1 = [[2,3,5,6]]
list2 = [[5,2,9,3,7],[1,3,5,2,2]]
result = [[a*b for a, b in izip_longest(i,j, fillvalue=0)]
for i, j in izip_longest(list1, list2, fillvalue=[])]
print(result)
# [[10, 6, 45, 18, 0], [0, 0, 0, 0, 0]]
```

You may change the inner `fillvalue`

from 0 to 1 to return the elements in the longer sublists as is, instead of a homogeneous 0.

Reference: