user3383325 user3383325 - 2 months ago 11
Java Question

Generated with Java JJWT signature fails at jwt.io debugger

I am using the jjwt Java library for server side generation of jwt in on servlets, the code snipper below straight from the jjwt GitHub page https://github.com/jwtk/jjwt generates and prints out this token.

eyJhbGciOiJIUzI1NiJ9.eyJzdWIiOiJKb2UifQ.XIKER3owR8BS3Krhsksg9INh9VBSejdn_qN-ONtPans


String compactJws = Jwts.builder()
.setSubject("Joe")
.signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS256, "secret")
.compact();
PrintWriter out = response.getWriter();
out.println(compactJws);


However, when I try to verify this token on jwt.io's debugger, it fails the signature check.
Both checking and unchecking secret base64 encoded didn't work

Am I using the library wrongly?

Answer

Try with secr and check the base64 option :)

It is due to .signWith(SignatureAlgorithm.HS256, "secret"). It is implemented by DefaultJwtBuilder class

public JwtBuilder signWith(SignatureAlgorithm alg, String base64EncodedSecretKey) 

This method assumes that you are providing a key in base64 and secret is not base64. When the method decodes from base64 to byte[] the java converter used by jjwt provides a representation of the string secr which is different to the JavaScript decoder used at jwt.io

You can test yourself with

System.out.println(
                javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter.printBase64Binary(
                        javax.xml.bind.DatatypeConverter.parseBase64Binary("secret")));