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Dagang Dagang - 7 months ago 32
Bash Question

Capture the output of Perl system()

I need to run a shell command with system() in Perl. For example,


The system call will print to STDOUT, but I want to capture the output into a variable so that I can do future processing with my Perl code.


That's what backticks are for. From perldoc perlfaq8:

Why can't I get the output of a command with system()?

You're confusing the purpose of system() and backticks (``). system() runs a command and returns exit status information (as a 16 bit value: the low 7 bits are the signal the process died from, if any, and the high 8 bits are the actual exit value). Backticks (``) run a command and return what it sent to STDOUT.

my $exit_status   = system("mail-users");
my $output_string = `ls`;

See perldoc perlop for more details.