Pavan Josyula Pavan Josyula - 3 months ago 40
C# Question

Compress HTTP GET Response

I am currently working on migrating few of my MVC3 Controllers to MVC4 Api Controllers.
I have implemented Compression mechanism for MVC3 controller Get Method Responses by inherting

ActionFilterAttribute
and overriding
OnActionExecutiong
method. After some Research I found that I need to use
ActionFilterMethod
from
System.Web.HttpFilters
. It would be great if somebody can share piece of sample code to get me started for this compressing HTTP response using GZip

Answer

The easiest is to enable compression directly at IIS level.

If you want to do it at the application level you could write a custom delegating message handler as shown in the following post:

public class CompressHandler : DelegatingHandler
{
    protected override Task<HttpResponseMessage> SendAsync(HttpRequestMessage request, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
    {
        return base.SendAsync(request, cancellationToken).ContinueWith<HttpResponseMessage>((responseToCompleteTask) =>
        {
            HttpResponseMessage response = responseToCompleteTask.Result;

            if (response.RequestMessage.Headers.AcceptEncoding != null)
            {
                string encodingType = response.RequestMessage.Headers.AcceptEncoding.First().Value;

                response.Content = new CompressedContent(response.Content, encodingType);
            }

            return response;
        },
        TaskContinuationOptions.OnlyOnRanToCompletion);
    }
}

public class CompressedContent : HttpContent
{
    private HttpContent originalContent;
    private string encodingType;

    public CompressedContent(HttpContent content, string encodingType)
    {
        if (content == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("content");
        }

        if (encodingType == null)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("encodingType");
        }

        originalContent = content;
        this.encodingType = encodingType.ToLowerInvariant();

        if (this.encodingType != "gzip" && this.encodingType != "deflate")
        {
            throw new InvalidOperationException(string.Format("Encoding '{0}' is not supported. Only supports gzip or deflate encoding.", this.encodingType));
        }

        // copy the headers from the original content
        foreach (KeyValuePair<string, IEnumerable<string>> header in originalContent.Headers)
        {
            this.Headers.AddWithoutValidation(header.Key, header.Value);
        }

        this.Headers.ContentEncoding.Add(encodingType);
    }

    protected override bool TryComputeLength(out long length)
    {
        length = -1;

        return false;
    }

    protected override Task SerializeToStreamAsync(Stream stream, TransportContext context)
    {
        Stream compressedStream = null;

        if (encodingType == "gzip")
        {
            compressedStream = new GZipStream(stream, CompressionMode.Compress, leaveOpen: true);
        }
        else if (encodingType == "deflate")
        {
            compressedStream = new DeflateStream(stream, CompressionMode.Compress, leaveOpen: true);
        }

        return originalContent.CopyToAsync(compressedStream).ContinueWith(tsk =>
        {
            if (compressedStream != null)
            {
                compressedStream.Dispose();
            }
        });
    }
}

All that's left now is to register the handler in Application_Start:

GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.MessageHandlers.Add(new CompressHandler());