payyans4u payyans4u - 1 month ago 4x
C Question

Why is clock_nanosleep preferred over nanosleep to create sleep times in C?

Which one of the two functions is better

#include <time.h>
int clock_nanosleep(clockid_t clock_id, int flags, const struct timespec *rqtp, struct timespec *rmtp);


#include <time.h>
int nanosleep(const struct timespec *rqtp, struct timespec *rmtp);

R.. R..

The advantages of clock_nanosleep over nanosleep are:

  1. You can specify an absolute time to sleep until rather than an interval to sleep. This makes a difference for the realtime (wall time) clock, which can be reset by the administrator or ntpd, etc. With nanosleep and precalculating the interval to sleep to reach a given absolute time, you'll fail to wake if the clock is reset and the desired time arrives "early". Also, there's a race condition with scheduling using interval times: If you compute the interval you want to sleep, but you get preempted before calling nanosleep and don't get scheduled again for a while, you'll again sleep too long.
  2. You can sleep on timers other than the realtime clock. The most useful is usually the monotonic clock (which can't be reset and increases monotonically with the progression of actual time), but there are also other interesting applications like having one thread in a multi-threaded process sleep on the process's cpu time clock (so it wakes after the process has used a given amount of cpu time).