Matthew Matthew - 3 months ago 10
HTML Question

PHP undefined variable when url identifier is present

I apologize for this being a bit lengthy but I wanted to show the code and not leave anything out.

The Goal: The user submits a registration form that submits the form to a database which adds the info plus a unique string to the database. Once the user submits an email is sent to the user that contains a link to a php page that has that unique string as a URL identifier at the end like so:

xyz.com/activate.php?uid=292ca78b727593baad9a


When the user clicks that link they are taken that page where they will fill out another form and when they click submit it will activate their account.

The Problem: When the user goes to the link provided they receive an error from my validation page like so:

Undefined index: variable in process.php


BUT when the user deletes the URL identifier so the URL shows as:

xyz.com/activate.php


The user does not receive an error and the validation page (process.php) works properly. I have attempted to use the identifier with a
$_GET['uid']
and checking if it exists before running the code but the result was the same. I cannot find an answer when attempting to google this issue so I apologize if this has been asked before.

The Question: Why does this work without the URL identifier but not with it? I do realize the URL identifier basically does a
$_REQUEST
when the page first loads which is what runs the
process.php
. Is there a way to prevent that?

So that you guys know the code I am working with I have posted it below.

activate.php:

<?php

// validate the form.
require_once('process.php');
$validation_rules = array(
'company_name' => array(
'required' => true,
'min-length' => 2
)
);
$db_error = '';
$validate = new validator();
$validate->validate($validation_rules);
if ($validate->validate_result()) {
// the validation passed!
}

?>
<div class="bg v-100 cm-hero-activate">
<div class="v-100">
<div class="v-set v-mid">
<form class="v-mid v-bg-white <?php if(!$validate->validate_result() && $_POST || !empty($error)) { echo "shake"; } ?>" name="activation" action="" method="post">
<fieldset>
<div class="form-content">
<div id="content">
<div class="form-inner in" data-id="1" data-name="activate">
<h1>ACTIVATE YOUR ACCOUNT</h1>
<div class="form-section">
<h2>Personal Info</h2>
<?php if (!empty($db_error)) {
echo $db_error;
} ?>
<div class="field-group">
<input type="text" id="company_name" class="field required" name="company_name" value="<?php $validate->form_value('company_name'); ?>">
<label for="company_name" class="placeholder">Company Name</label>
<?php $validate->error(array('field' => 'company_name', 'display_error' => 'single')); ?>
</div>
</div>
<div class="field-bottom">
<button name="submit" data-name="activate" class="bttn btn-dark btn-hover-gloss">ACTIVATE MY ACCOUNT</button>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</fieldset>
</form>
</div>
</div>
</div>


process.php:

<?php

class validator {

private $validation_rules;
private $errors = array();
private $validate_result = array();

public function validate($rules) {
$this->validation_rules = $rules;
if($this->validation_rules && $_REQUEST) {
foreach($this->validation_rules as $field => $rules) {
$result = $this->process_validation($field, $rules);
if($result == false) {
$this->validate_result[] = 0;
} elseif($result == true) {
$this->validate_result[] = 1;
}
}
}
}

public function form_value($field_name = '') {
if($this->validation_rules) {
if($_REQUEST && $_REQUEST[$field_name]) {
if(!$this->validate_result()) {
echo $_REQUEST[$field_name];
}
}
}
}

public function validate_result() {
if($this->validation_rules) {
if($_REQUEST) {
$final_result = true;
$length = count($this->validate_result);
for($i=0;$i < $length; $i++) {
if($this->validate_result[$i] == 0) {
$final_result = false;
}
}
return $final_result;
}
}
}

private function process_validation($field, $rules) {
$result = true;
$error = array();
foreach($rules as $rule => $value) {
if($rule == 'required' && $value == true) {
if(!$this->required($field, $value)) {
$error[] = "$field - required";
$result = false;
}
} elseif($rule == 'min-length') {
if(!$this->minlength($field, $value)) {
$error[] = "$field - minimun length is $value";
$result = false;
}
}
}
$this->errors[] = array($field => $error);
return $result;
}

public function error($data = '') {
if($this->validation_rules) {
if($_REQUEST) {
foreach($this->errors as $err) {
if(isset($data['field'])) {
foreach($err as $field => $field_error) {
if($data['field'] == $field) {
foreach($field_error as $error_data) {
if(isset($data['display_error']) == 'single') {
echo '<p class="error">' . $error_data . '</p>';
goto next;
} else {
echo '<p class="error">' . $error_data . '</p>';
}
}
next:
}
}
} else {
foreach($err as $field => $field_error) {
foreach($field_error as $error_data) {
if(isset($data['display_error']) == 'single') {
echo '<p class="error">' . $error_data . '</p>';
goto next1;
} else {
echo '<p class="error">' . $error_data . '</p>';
}
}
next1:
}
}
}
}
}
}

private function required($field, $value) {
if(empty($_REQUEST[$field])) {
return false;
} else {
return true;
}
}

private function minlength($field, $value) {
if(strlen($_REQUEST[$field]) < $value) {
return false;
} else {
return true;
}
}

?>


EDIT: it seems that the error is happening on the
if statement
in the
min-length
function:
if(strlen($_REQUEST[$field]) < $value)


EDIT 2: This may also be of some use. The textbox is being filled with this:
<br /><font size='1'><table class='xdebug-error xe-notice' dir='ltr' border='1' cellspacing='0' cellpadding='1'><tr><th align='left' bgcolor='#f57900' colspan=


and underneath that I receive this error:
Notice: Undefined index: company_name in C:\...\process.php on line 25 Call Stack #TimeMemoryFunctionLocation 10.0005369632{main}( )...\activate.php:0 20.0029403928validator->form_value( )...\activate.php:80 ">

Answer

Your $field_name doesn't exist in the $_REQUEST array which is why you are getting your undefined index error.

You are not checking if the value is set - just accessing it via $_REQUEST[$field_name] in your if statement.

Change

public function form_value($field_name = '') {
    if($this->validation_rules) {
        if($_REQUEST && $_REQUEST[$field_name]) {
            if(!$this->validate_result()) {
                echo $_REQUEST[$field_name];
            }
        }
    }
}

To

public function form_value($field_name = '') {
    if($this->validation_rules) {
        if($_REQUEST && isset($_REQUEST[$field_name])) {
            if(!$this->validate_result()) {
                echo $_REQUEST[$field_name];
            }
        }
    }
}

Unrelated Tips.

Aim for cleaner - and more concise readable code.

$input = [
    'name' => 'Matthew',
];

$rules = [
    'name' => 'required|string',
];

$v = (new Validator())->validate($input, $rules);
if ($v->fails()) {
  // Do something with $v->errors();
  return;
}

// Do something with validated input

Try and avoid using else or elseif wherever possible. This can be achieved by looking for the negative first, and exiting early. Try not to have too many levels of nesting. It makes your code extremely difficult to read and increases cyclomatic complexity.

Also - take a look at an MVC framework which should help you to structure your code. A good start would be something like Laravel https://laravel.com/ there are good tutorials on https://laracasts.com/