Scakko Scakko - 1 year ago 112
C Question

Router Alert options on IGMPv2 packets

I'm trying to forge an IGMPv2 Membership Request packet and send it on a RAW socket.

The RFC 3376 states:

IGMP messages are encapsulated in IPv4 datagrams, with an IP protocol number of 2. Every IGMP message described in this document is sent with an IP Time-to-Live of 1, IP Precedence of Internetwork Control (e.g., Type of Service 0xc0), and carries an IP Router Alert option [RFC-2113] in its IP header

So the IP_ROUTER_ALERT flag must be set.

I'm trying to forge the strict necessary of the packet (e.g. only the IGMP header & payload), so i'm using the setsockopt to edit the IP options.

some useful variables:


int sockfd = 0;
int ecsockopt = 0;
int bytes_num = 0;

int ip_multicast_ttl = C_IP_MULTICAST_TTL;
int ip_router_alert = C_IP_ROUTER_ALERT;

Here's how I open the RAW socket:

sock_domain = AF_INET;
sock_type = SOCK_RAW;
sock_proto = IPPROTO_IGMP;

if ((ecsockopt = socket(sock_domain,sock_type,sock_proto)) < 0) {
printf("Error %d: Can't open socket.\n", errno);
return 1;
} else {
printf("** Socket opened.\n");
sockfd = ecsockopt;

Then I set the TTL and Router Alert option:

// Set the sent packets TTL
if((ecsockopt = setsockopt(sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_MULTICAST_TTL, &ip_multicast_ttl, sizeof(ip_multicast_ttl))) < 0) {
printf("Error %d: Can't set TTL.\n", ecsockopt);
return 1;
} else {
printf("** TTL set.\n");

// Set the Router Alert
if((ecsockopt = setsockopt(sockfd, IPPROTO_IP, IP_ROUTER_ALERT, &ip_router_alert, sizeof(ip_router_alert))) < 0) {
printf("Error %d: Can't set Router Alert.\n", ecsockopt);
return 1;
} else {
printf("** Router Alert set.\n");

The setsockopt of IP_ROUTER_ALERT returns 0. After forging the packet, i send it with sendto in this way:

// Send the packet
if((bytes_num = sendto(sockfd, packet, packet_size, 0, (struct sockaddr*) &mgroup1_addr, sizeof(mgroup1_addr))) < 0) {
printf("Error %d: Can't send Membership report message.\n", bytes_num);
return 1;
} else {
printf("** Membership report message sent. (bytes=%d)\n",bytes_num);

The packet is sent, but the IP_ROUTER_ALERT option (checked with wireshark) is missing.
Am i doing something wrong? is there some other methods to set the IP_ROUTER_ALERT option?

Thanks in advance.

Answer Source

Finally i've found out that the IP_ROUTER_ALERT has to be set by the Linux Kernel. IGMP membership requests are sent after a IP_ADD_MEMBERSHIP is done and the Kernel takes charge of setting the IP_ROUTER_ALERT flag.