Cengiz Gonen - 6 months ago 32

Javascript Question

I'm trying to my make my code buy the Max amount of Phones and Accessories. One Phone costs 99.99 and an Accessory costs 9.99. I have 1000 on my bank account. How do i make my code buy the max amount? My code buys currently 9 phones and 9 accessories. It should buy 9 phones and 10 accessories instead 9.

`const ACCESSORY = 9.99;`

const PHONE = 99.99;

var balance = 1000;

var total = 0;

var phones_total = 0;

var accessories_total = 0;

while (((total + PHONE) || (total + ACCESSORY)) < balance) {

total = total + PHONE;

phones_total = phones_total + 1;

if ((total + ACCESSORY) < balance) {

total = total + ACCESSORY;

accessories_total = accessories_total + 1;

}

}

console.log("total = " + total);

console.log("phones = " + phones_total);

console.log("accessories = " + accessories_total);

Answer

This line is wrong:

```
while (((total + PHONE) || (total + ACCESSORY)) < balance) {
```

This doesn't test whether either sum is less than `balance`

. The value of `(total + PHONE) || (total + ACCESSORY)`

is always `total + PHONE`

unless that's `0`

, then it's `total + ACCESSORY`

. And since `total + PHONE`

is never `0`

, this is effectively equivalent to:

```
while ((total + PHONE) < balance) {
```

and it never tests whether there's available balance for just an accessory. The correct way to do this test is:

```
while ((total + PHONE) < balance || (total + ACCESSORY) < balance) {
```

You also should be using `<=`

rather than `<`

, to allow for using all your money exactly.

But then inside the loop, you still add `PHONE`

to `total`

, even if there was only enough balance left for an accessory. You need to check first.

```
const ACCESSORY = 9.99;
const PHONE = 99.99;
var balance = 1000;
var total = 0;
var phones_total = 0;
var accessories_total = 0;
while ((total + PHONE) <= balance || (total + ACCESSORY) <= balance) {
if ((total + PHONE) <= balance) {
total = total + PHONE;
phones_total = phones_total + 1;
}
if ((total + ACCESSORY) <= balance) {
total = total + ACCESSORY;
accessories_total = accessories_total + 1;
}
}
console.log(phones_total, accessories_total);
```

A simpler way to do it is with arithmetic instead of a loop. Divide the balance by the cost of a phone + accessory, to find out the number of pairs you can afford. Then find out how many more accessories you can buy with what's left after that.

```
const ACCESSORY = 9.99;
const PHONE = 99.99;
var balance = 1000;
var phones_total = Math.floor(balance/(PHONE + ACCESSORY));
var remainder = balance - phones_total*(PHONE+ACCESSORY)
var accessories_total = phones_total + Math.floor(remainder/ACCESSORY);
console.log(phones_total, accessories_total);
```