Andrew Prock Andrew Prock - 3 months ago 15
Bash Question

extract words from a file

I'm trying to create a dictionary of words from a collection of files. Is there a simple way to print all the words in a file, one per line?

Answer

You could use grep:

  • -E '\w+' searches for words
  • -o only prints the portion of the line that matches
% cat temp
Some examples use "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog,"
rather than "Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit"
for example text.
# if you don't care whether words repeat
% grep -o -E '\w+' temp
Some
examples
use
The
quick
brown
fox
jumped
over
the
lazy
dog
rather
than
Lorem
ipsum
dolor
sit
amet
consectetur
adipiscing
elit
for
example
text

If you want to only print each word once, disregarding case, you can use sort

  • -u only prints each word once
  • -f tells sort to ignore case when comparing words
# if you only want each word once
% grep -o -E '\w+' temp | sort -u -f
adipiscing
amet
brown
consectetur
dog
dolor
elit
example
examples
for
fox
ipsum
jumped
lazy
Lorem
over
quick
rather
sit
Some
text
than
The
use
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