rfcabal rfcabal - 2 months ago 22
PHP Question

Function mod_scorm_insert_scorm_tracks "Invalid parameter"

I have problem with a WebService function for moodle callen "mod_scorm_insert_scorm_tracks"

This function is used for inserting track information (i.e. star time) of a user in his SCORM progress.

Part of the estructure of this function is

scoid= int
attempt= int
tracks[0][element]= string
tracks[0][value]= string


NEW
PHP structe has to look like this

[tracks] =>
Array
(
[0] =>
Array
(
[element] => string
[value] => string
)
)





I have used one of the examples they had in his website everything was fine until I got this error

<b>Notice</b>: Array to string conversion in <b>C:\xampp\htdocs\otros\PHP-REST\curl.php</b> on line <b>247</b><br />
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<EXCEPTION class="invalid_parameter_exception">
<ERRORCODE>invalidparameter</ERRORCODE>
<MESSAGE>Invalid parameter value detected</MESSAGE>
<DEBUGINFO>tracks =&gt; Invalid parameter value detected: Only arrays accepted. The bad value is: 'Array'</DEBUGINFO>
</EXCEPTION>


And the problem seems to be here:

$item1 = new stdClass();
$item1->scoid = '2';
$item1->attempt = '1';
$item1->tracks = array(
array(
array(
'element' => 'x.start.time',
'value' => '1473102672'
),
),
array(
array(
'element' => 'x.start.time',
'value' => '1473102680'
),
),
);


I tried in many ways

$item1 = new stdClass();
$item1->scoid = '2';
$item1->attempt = '1';
$item1->tracks = array('element' => 'x.start.time','value' => '1473102672');


or

$item1 = new stdClass();
$item1->scoid = '2';
$item1->attempt = '1';
$item1->tracks = array(array ('element' => 'x.start.time','value' => '1473102672'));


And still getting the same message, I'm pretty that is problema with my wyntax but I have tried in many ways and still not working I hope yo can help me.

Complete Code:

/// SETUP - NEED TO BE CHANGED
$token = '481bf3d85a7eb539e37eabc88feccb3c';
$domainname = 'http://localhost/moodle';
//$functionname = 'mod_scorm_launch_sco';
$functionname = 'mod_scorm_insert_scorm_tracks';
//$functionname ='mod_scorm_view_scorm';

// REST RETURNED VALUES FORMAT
$restformat = 'xml'; //Also possible in Moodle 2.2 and later: 'json'
//Setting it to 'json' will fail all calls on earlier Moodle version


$item1 = new stdClass();
$item1->scoid = '2';
$item1->attempt = '1';
$item1->tracks = array(
array(
array(
'element' => 'x.start.time',
'value' => 1473102672
),
),
array(
array(
'element' => 'x.start.time',
'value' => 1473102680
),
),
);


$params = $item1;


/// REST CALL
header('Content-Type: text/plain');
$serverurl = $domainname . '/webservice/rest/server.php'. '?wstoken=' . $token . '&wsfunction='.$functionname;
require_once('./curl.php');
$curl = new curl;
//if rest format == 'xml', then we do not add the param for backward compatibility with Moodle < 2.2
$restformat = ($restformat == 'json')?'&moodlewsrestformat=' . $restformat:'';
$resp = $curl->post($serverurl . $restformat, $params);
print_r($resp);


curl.php

<?php
/**
* cURL class
*
* This is a wrapper class for curl, it is quite easy to use:
* <code>
* $c = new curl;
* // enable cache
* $c = new curl(array('cache'=>true));
* // enable cookie
* $c = new curl(array('cookie'=>true));
* // enable proxy
* $c = new curl(array('proxy'=>true));
*
* // HTTP GET Method
* $html = $c->get('http://example.com');
* // HTTP POST Method
* $html = $c->post('http://example.com/', array('q'=>'words', 'name'=>'moodle'));
* // HTTP PUT Method
* $html = $c->put('http://example.com/', array('file'=>'/var/www/test.txt');
* </code>
*
* @author Dongsheng Cai <dongsheng@moodle.com> - https://github.com/dongsheng/cURL
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU Public License
*/

class curl {
/** @var bool */
public $cache = false;
public $proxy = false;
/** @var array */
public $response = array();
public $header = array();
/** @var string */
public $info;
public $error;

/** @var array */
private $options;
/** @var string */
private $proxy_host = '';
private $proxy_auth = '';
private $proxy_type = '';
/** @var bool */
private $debug = false;
private $cookie = false;
private $count = 0;

/**
* @param array $options
*/
public function __construct($options = array()){
if (!function_exists('curl_init')) {
$this->error = 'cURL module must be enabled!';
trigger_error($this->error, E_USER_ERROR);
return false;
}
// the options of curl should be init here.
$this->resetopt();
if (!empty($options['debug'])) {
$this->debug = true;
}
if(!empty($options['cookie'])) {
if($options['cookie'] === true) {
$this->cookie = 'curl_cookie.txt';
} else {
$this->cookie = $options['cookie'];
}
}
if (!empty($options['cache'])) {
if (class_exists('curl_cache')) {
$this->cache = new curl_cache();
}
}
}
/**
* Resets the CURL options that have already been set
*/
public function resetopt(){
$this->options = array();
$this->options['CURLOPT_USERAGENT'] = 'MoodleBot/1.0';
// True to include the header in the output
$this->options['CURLOPT_HEADER'] = 0;
// True to Exclude the body from the output
$this->options['CURLOPT_NOBODY'] = 0;
// TRUE to follow any "Location: " header that the server
// sends as part of the HTTP header (note this is recursive,
// PHP will follow as many "Location: " headers that it is sent,
// unless CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS is set).
//$this->options['CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION'] = 1;
$this->options['CURLOPT_MAXREDIRS'] = 10;
$this->options['CURLOPT_ENCODING'] = '';
// TRUE to return the transfer as a string of the return
// value of curl_exec() instead of outputting it out directly.
$this->options['CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER'] = 1;
$this->options['CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER'] = 0;
$this->options['CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER'] = 0;
$this->options['CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST'] = 2;
$this->options['CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT'] = 30;
}

/**
* Reset Cookie
*/
public function resetcookie() {
if (!empty($this->cookie)) {
if (is_file($this->cookie)) {
$fp = fopen($this->cookie, 'w');
if (!empty($fp)) {
fwrite($fp, '');
fclose($fp);
}
}
}
}

/**
* Set curl options
*
* @param array $options If array is null, this function will
* reset the options to default value.
*
*/
public function setopt($options = array()) {
if (is_array($options)) {
foreach($options as $name => $val){
if (stripos($name, 'CURLOPT_') === false) {
$name = strtoupper('CURLOPT_'.$name);
}
$this->options[$name] = $val;
}
}
}
/**
* Reset http method
*
*/
public function cleanopt(){
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_HTTPGET']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_POST']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_PUT']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_INFILE']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_INFILESIZE']);
unset($this->options['CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST']);
}

/**
* Set HTTP Request Header
*
* @param array $headers
*
*/
public function setHeader($header) {
if (is_array($header)){
foreach ($header as $v) {
$this->setHeader($v);
}
} else {
$this->header[] = $header;
}
}
/**
* Set HTTP Response Header
*
*/
public function getResponse(){
return $this->response;
}
/**
* private callback function
* Formatting HTTP Response Header
*
* @param mixed $ch Apparently not used
* @param string $header
* @return int The strlen of the header
*/
private function formatHeader($ch, $header)
{
$this->count++;
if (strlen($header) > 2) {
list($key, $value) = explode(" ", rtrim($header, "\r\n"), 2);
$key = rtrim($key, ':');
if (!empty($this->response[$key])) {
if (is_array($this->response[$key])){
$this->response[$key][] = $value;
} else {
$tmp = $this->response[$key];
$this->response[$key] = array();
$this->response[$key][] = $tmp;
$this->response[$key][] = $value;

}
} else {
$this->response[$key] = $value;
}
}
return strlen($header);
}

/**
* Set options for individual curl instance
*
* @param object $curl A curl handle
* @param array $options
* @return object The curl handle
*/
private function apply_opt($curl, $options) {
// Clean up
$this->cleanopt();
// set cookie
if (!empty($this->cookie) || !empty($options['cookie'])) {
$this->setopt(array('cookiejar'=>$this->cookie,
'cookiefile'=>$this->cookie
));
}

// set proxy
if (!empty($this->proxy) || !empty($options['proxy'])) {
$this->setopt($this->proxy);
}
$this->setopt($options);
// reset before set options
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION, array(&$this,'formatHeader'));
// set headers
if (empty($this->header)){
$this->setHeader(array(
'User-Agent: MoodleBot/1.0',
'Accept-Charset: ISO-8859-1,utf-8;q=0.7,*;q=0.7',
'Connection: keep-alive'
));
}
curl_setopt($curl, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $this->header);

if ($this->debug){
echo '<h1>Options</h1>';
var_dump($this->options);
echo '<h1>Header</h1>';
var_dump($this->header);
}

// set options
foreach($this->options as $name => $val) {
if (is_string($name)) {
$name = constant(strtoupper($name));
}
curl_setopt($curl, $name, $val);
}
return $curl;
}
/**
* Download multiple files in parallel
*
* Calls {@link multi()} with specific download headers
*
* <code>
* $c = new curl;
* $c->download(array(
* array('url'=>'http://localhost/', 'file'=>fopen('a', 'wb')),
* array('url'=>'http://localhost/20/', 'file'=>fopen('b', 'wb'))
* ));
* </code>
*
* @param array $requests An array of files to request
* @param array $options An array of options to set
* @return array An array of results
*/
public function download($requests, $options = array()) {
$options['CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER'] = 1;
$options['RETURNTRANSFER'] = false;
return $this->multi($requests, $options);
}
/*
* Mulit HTTP Requests
* This function could run multi-requests in parallel.
*
* @param array $requests An array of files to request
* @param array $options An array of options to set
* @return array An array of results
*/
protected function multi($requests, $options = array()) {
$count = count($requests);
$handles = array();
$results = array();
$main = curl_multi_init();
for ($i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
$url = $requests[$i];
foreach($url as $n=>$v){
$options[$n] = $url[$n];
}
$handles[$i] = curl_init($url['url']);
$this->apply_opt($handles[$i], $options);
curl_multi_add_handle($main, $handles[$i]);
}
$running = 0;
do {
curl_multi_exec($main, $running);
} while($running > 0);
for ($i = 0; $i < $count; $i++) {
if (!empty($options['CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER'])) {
$results[] = true;
} else {
$results[] = curl_multi_getcontent($handles[$i]);
}
curl_multi_remove_handle($main, $handles[$i]);
}
curl_multi_close($main);
return $results;
}
/**
* Single HTTP Request
*
* @param string $url The URL to request
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
protected function request($url, $options = array()){
// create curl instance
$curl = curl_init($url);
$options['url'] = $url;
$this->apply_opt($curl, $options);
if ($this->cache && $ret = $this->cache->get($this->options)) {
return $ret;
} else {
$ret = curl_exec($curl);
if ($this->cache) {
$this->cache->set($this->options, $ret);
}
}

$this->info = curl_getinfo($curl);
$this->error = curl_error($curl);

if ($this->debug){
echo '<h1>Return Data</h1>';
var_dump($ret);
echo '<h1>Info</h1>';
var_dump($this->info);
echo '<h1>Error</h1>';
var_dump($this->error);
}

curl_close($curl);

if (empty($this->error)){
return $ret;
} else {
return $this->error;
// exception is not ajax friendly
//throw new moodle_exception($this->error, 'curl');
}
}

/**
* HTTP HEAD method
*
* @see request()
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function head($url, $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_HTTPGET'] = 0;
$options['CURLOPT_HEADER'] = 1;
$options['CURLOPT_NOBODY'] = 1;
return $this->request($url, $options);
}

/**
* Recursive function formating an array in POST parameter
* @param array $arraydata - the array that we are going to format and add into &$data array
* @param string $currentdata - a row of the final postdata array at instant T
* when finish, it's assign to $data under this format: name[keyname][][]...[]='value'
* @param array $data - the final data array containing all POST parameters : 1 row = 1 parameter
*/
function format_array_postdata_for_curlcall($arraydata, $currentdata, &$data) {
foreach ($arraydata as $k=>$v) {
$newcurrentdata = $currentdata;
if (is_object($v)) {
$v = (array) $v;
}
if (is_array($v)) { //the value is an array, call the function recursively
$newcurrentdata = $newcurrentdata.'['.urlencode($k).']';
$this->format_array_postdata_for_curlcall($v, $newcurrentdata, $data);
} else { //add the POST parameter to the $data array
$data[] = $newcurrentdata.'['.urlencode($k).']='.urlencode($v);
}
}
}

/**
* Transform a PHP array into POST parameter
* (see the recursive function format_array_postdata_for_curlcall)
* @param array $postdata
* @return array containing all POST parameters (1 row = 1 POST parameter)
*/
function format_postdata_for_curlcall($postdata) {
if (is_object($postdata)) {
$postdata = (array) $postdata;
}
$data = array();
foreach ($postdata as $k=>$v) {
if (is_object($v)) {
$v = (array) $v;
}
if (is_array($v)) {
$currentdata = urlencode($k);
$this->format_array_postdata_for_curlcall($v, $currentdata, $data);
} else {
$data[] = urlencode($k).'='.urlencode($v);
}
}
$convertedpostdata = implode('&', $data);
return $convertedpostdata;
}

/**
* HTTP POST method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array|string $params
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function post($url, $params = '', $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_POST'] = 1;
if (is_array($params)) {
$params = $this->format_postdata_for_curlcall($params);
}
$options['CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS'] = $params;
return $this->request($url, $options);
}

/**
* HTTP GET method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $params
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function get($url, $params = array(), $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_HTTPGET'] = 1;

if (!empty($params)){
$url .= (stripos($url, '?') !== false) ? '&' : '?';
$url .= http_build_query($params, '', '&');
}
return $this->request($url, $options);
}

/**
* HTTP PUT method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $params
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function put($url, $params = array(), $options = array()){
$file = $params['file'];
if (!is_file($file)){
return null;
}
$fp = fopen($file, 'r');
$size = filesize($file);
$options['CURLOPT_PUT'] = 1;
$options['CURLOPT_INFILESIZE'] = $size;
$options['CURLOPT_INFILE'] = $fp;
if (!isset($this->options['CURLOPT_USERPWD'])){
$this->setopt(array('CURLOPT_USERPWD'=>'anonymous: noreply@moodle.org'));
}
$ret = $this->request($url, $options);
fclose($fp);
return $ret;
}

/**
* HTTP DELETE method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $params
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function delete($url, $param = array(), $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST'] = 'DELETE';
if (!isset($options['CURLOPT_USERPWD'])) {
$options['CURLOPT_USERPWD'] = 'anonymous: noreply@moodle.org';
}
$ret = $this->request($url, $options);
return $ret;
}
/**
* HTTP TRACE method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function trace($url, $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST'] = 'TRACE';
$ret = $this->request($url, $options);
return $ret;
}
/**
* HTTP OPTIONS method
*
* @param string $url
* @param array $options
* @return bool
*/
public function options($url, $options = array()){
$options['CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST'] = 'OPTIONS';
$ret = $this->request($url, $options);
return $ret;
}
public function get_info() {
return $this->info;
}
}

/**
* This class is used by cURL class, use case:
*
* <code>
*
* $c = new curl(array('cache'=>true), 'module_cache'=>'repository');
* $ret = $c->get('http://www.google.com');
* </code>
*
* @package core
* @subpackage file
* @copyright 1999 onwards Martin Dougiamas {@link http://moodle.com}
* @license http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU GPL v3 or later
*/
class curl_cache {
/** @var string */
public $dir = '';
/**
*
* @param string @module which module is using curl_cache
*
*/
function __construct() {
$this->dir = '/tmp/';
if (!file_exists($this->dir)) {
mkdir($this->dir, 0700, true);
}
$this->ttl = 1200;
}

/**
* Get cached value
*
* @param mixed $param
* @return bool|string
*/
public function get($param){
$this->cleanup($this->ttl);
$filename = 'u_'.md5(serialize($param));
if(file_exists($this->dir.$filename)) {
$lasttime = filemtime($this->dir.$filename);
if(time()-$lasttime > $this->ttl)
{
return false;
} else {
$fp = fopen($this->dir.$filename, 'r');
$size = filesize($this->dir.$filename);
$content = fread($fp, $size);
return unserialize($content);
}
}
return false;
}

/**
* Set cache value
*
* @param mixed $param
* @param mixed $val
*/
public function set($param, $val){
$filename = 'u_'.md5(serialize($param));
$fp = fopen($this->dir.$filename, 'w');
fwrite($fp, serialize($val));
fclose($fp);
}

/**
* Remove cache files
*
* @param int $expire The number os seconds before expiry
*/
public function cleanup($expire){
if($dir = opendir($this->dir)){
while (false !== ($file = readdir($dir))) {
if(!is_dir($file) && $file != '.' && $file != '..') {
$lasttime = @filemtime($this->dir.$file);
if(time() - $lasttime > $expire){
@unlink($this->dir.$file);
}
}
}
}
}
/**
* delete current user's cache file
*
*/
public function refresh(){
if($dir = opendir($this->dir)){
while (false !== ($file = readdir($dir))) {
if(!is_dir($file) && $file != '.' && $file != '..') {
if(strpos($file, 'u_')!==false){
@unlink($this->dir.$file);
}
}
}
}
}
}


Thanks!

Answer

Well after some research I finally took plan B

I wrote tracks in a different variable:

$tracks = array();
        $tracks[] = array(
            'element' => 'cmi.core.lesson_status',
            'value' => 'completed'
        );

And I followed curl.php array set option:

$arrayName = array('' => , );

Then when I inserted scoid and attemps as single variables in the array:

$params = array('scoid' => '2', 'attempt' => '1', 'tracks' => $tracks);

and boala!the record is on my table:

Inserted record

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