Ashish Ranjan Ashish Ranjan - 11 months ago 92
PHP Question

How to properly use Bearer tokens?

I making an authorization system in

, and I came across this Bearer scheme of passing JWT tokens, I read RFC 6750. I have got these following doubts:

  1. How is this improving the security?

  2. The server responses the client with a JWT token in its body after a successful authorization and login, and now when the client makes another request, I am not clear how to actually do that, I want to send token from client in Authorization header in the request, so now should I just prefix "Bearer" to the token which I received in the previous response from the server and If yes, then server on receiving the Authorization header, should just split the string with space, and take the second value from the obtained array and then decode it? For example
    Authorization: Bearer fdbghfbfgbjhg_something
    , how is server supposed to handle this,
    decodeFunc(explode(" ", $this->getRequest()->getHeader("Authorization"))[1])

Answer Source

1.Improving the security because if token is not sent in the header that sent in url, it will be logged by the network system, the server log ....

2.A good function to get Bearer tokens

 * Get hearder Authorization
 * */
function getAuthorizationHeader(){
        $headers = null;
        if (isset($_SERVER['Authorization'])) {
            $headers = trim($_SERVER["Authorization"]);
        else if (isset($_SERVER['HTTP_AUTHORIZATION'])) { //Nginx or fast CGI
            $headers = trim($_SERVER["HTTP_AUTHORIZATION"]);
        } elseif (function_exists('apache_request_headers')) {
            $requestHeaders = apache_request_headers();
            // Server-side fix for bug in old Android versions (a nice side-effect of this fix means we don't care about capitalization for Authorization)
            $requestHeaders = array_combine(array_map('ucwords', array_keys($requestHeaders)), array_values($requestHeaders));
            if (isset($requestHeaders['Authorization'])) {
                $headers = trim($requestHeaders['Authorization']);
        return $headers;
 * get access token from header
 * */
function getBearerToken() {
    $headers = $this->getAuthorizationHeader();
    // HEADER: Get the access token from the header
    if (!empty($headers)) {
        if (preg_match('/Bearer\s(\S+)/', $headers, $matches)) {
            return $matches[1];
    return null;