Code Bae Code Bae - 1 year ago 69
Java Question

How to check which JTextFields are empty and inform the user about them?

I have a code sample with

s. When a user does not enter the details in some
, and then clicks the "Register" button, I want the user to be informed about his mistake/s. Like this:

You haven't entered Student Middle Name


You have not entered Student Address


You haven't entered Student middle name and Address

and not as

You have not entered all the details

I want the information to be in a

I also want that the
/s that is/are empty to have its/their background/s set as red.

I have tried many codes but none of them worked.

Here's my code. I have used the array to check which
/s are empty, but I don't know how to inform the user about them.

public void checkEmpty() {
String fname = jTextField1.getText();
String mname = jTextField2.getText();
String lname = jTextField3.getText();

String lineone = jTextField4.getText();
String linetwo = jTextField5.getText();
String linethree = jTextField6.getText();

int fnam = fname.length();
int mnam = mname.length();
int lnam = lname.length();
int lineon = lineone.length();
int linetw = linetwo.length();
int linethre = linethree.length();

int[] check = {fnam, mnam, lnam, lineon, linetw, linethre};
for (int i = 0; i < check.length; i++) {
if (check[i] == 0) {

} else {


Answer Source

Here is a simple example. instead of iterating over the length of the inputs, iterate over the fields themselves. If one is empty paint it red and append its corresponding message to the list of messages. Then display that list on a label.

public class Main {

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        JTextField fName = new JTextField();
        fName.setName("First Name");
        JTextField lName = new JTextField();
        lName.setName("last Name");
        JTextField address = new JTextField();

        JTextField[] fields = new JTextField[] {fName, lName, address};

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("<html>");
        for (JTextField field : fields) {
            if (field.getText().isEmpty()){
                sb.append("<p>").append("You haven't entered " + field.getName());

        JLabel label = new JLabel(sb.toString());