Rithu Rithu - 24 days ago 9
Javascript Question

Jquery Ajax call in wordpress plugin page not working

In wordpress I created a plugin which has the following files

Statistics visitor

<?php
/*
Plugin Name: Wp Visitor Statistics
Plugin URI:
Description: Statistics about Visitors
Author:
Version: 1.0.1
Author URI:
*/

ob_start();
define('STATISTICS_FOLDER', dirname(plugin_basename(__FILE__)));

//CREATING MENU PAGES IN SIDEBAR
add_action('admin_menu','statistics_admin_menu');

function statistics_admin_menu() {
$icon_url=get_option('siteurl').'/wp-content/plugins/'.STATISTICS_FOLDER."/lea.png";
add_menu_page("Statistics","Statistics",10,__FILE__,"Settings",$icon_url);
add_submenu_page(__FILE__,"Stat Report","Statistics Report",10,"visitor_stat/statreport.php");
}

function Settings()
{

$plugindir = get_option('siteurl').'/wp-content/plugins/'.STATISTICS_FOLDER.'/';
echo "<script type='text/javascript' src='http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.4.2/jquery.min.js'/></script>\n";
echo "<br/>";
echo "<script type='text/javascript' src='$plugindir/calendar/myfuncvisit.js'/></script>\n";
echo "<br/>";
echo "<script type='text/javascript' src='$plugindir/calendar/jquery.datepick.js'/></script>\n";
echo "<br/>";
echo "<link rel='stylesheet' href='$plugindir/calendar/jquery.datepick.css' type='text/css' />\n";
echo "<br/>";
echo "<script type='text/javascript'>
$(function() {
$('#popupDatepicker').datepick({dateFormat: 'yyyy-mm-dd'});
});
</script>";
echo "<br/>";

echo "<div class='wrap'>
<form action='' name='frm1'>
<strong>Todays Visit : <span id='todays_visit'> </span> | Overall Visit :<span id='overall_visit'></span> ( Original Data )<br /></strong><br />
Todays Visit plus : <input type='text' name='todays_visit_plus' id='todays_visit_plus' value=''/><br /><br />
Overall Visit plus : <input type='text' name='overall_visit_plus' id='overall_visit_plus' value=''/><br /><br />
Overall Visit Start Date : <input type='text' class='overall_visit_startdate' id='popupDatepicker'><br /><br />
<div id='msg_save'></div>
<input type='button' name='save' id='save' value='save'/>
</form>
</div>";

}
?>


Then it call the another file js

myfuncvisit.js

// JavaScript Document
$(document).ready(function(){

// loading image displaying function
function loading_show(divid){

$('#'+divid).html("<div class='item' style='padding:45% 0;text-align:center;font-size:11px;color:#666666;'><center><img width='16' height='16' src='loading.gif'><br>Loading</center></div>").fadeIn('swing');
}

// function to show the feed list
function loadData(){
$.ajax
({
type: "POST",
//url: "blog/wp-content/plugins/visitor_stat/stats-operations.php",
url: "/blog/wp-admin/admin.php?page=visitor_stat/stats-operations.php",
data: "type=all",
success: function(msg)
{
alert(msg);
part = msg.split('#');
$("#todays_visit").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#todays_visit").html(part[0]);
});
$("#overall_visit").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#overall_visit").html(part[1]);
});
$("#todays_visit_plus").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#todays_visit_plus").val(part[2]);
});

$("#overall_visit_plus").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#overall_visit_plus").val(part[3]);
});
$("#popupDatepicker").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#popupDatepicker").val(part[4]);
});

}
});



}

function saveData(){
$.ajax
({
type: "POST",
url: "/blog/wp-admin/admin.php?page=visitor_stat/stats-operations.php",
//url: "blog/wp-content/plugins/visitor_stat/stats-operations.php",
data: "type=save&d1="+d1+"&d2="+d2+"&d3="+d3,
success: function(msg)
{
alert(msg);
loadData();
$("#msg_save").ajaxComplete(function(event, request, settings)
{
$("#msg_save").html(msg);
setTimeout('',10000);
$("#msg_save").html('&nbsp;').fadeIn('swing');

});

}
});



}

loadData(); // For first time page load default results

$('#save').live('click',function(){
d1=$('#todays_visit_plus').val();
d2=$('#overall_visit_plus').val();
d3=$('#popupDatepicker').val();
saveData(d1,d2,d3);

});



});


But when I run the file in wordpress admin it shows the internal server error for admin.php?page=visitor_stat/stats-operations.php
/blog/wp-admin and it doesn't load the ajax page

I tried for several time and I can't find the solution. I think this issue may have correct solution. Anybody can help me to solve this issue.

Clearly, the ajax function URL : POST is not working. Thanks in advance to solve this problem

Answer

WordPress environment

First of all, in order to achieve this task, it's recommended to register then enqueue a jQuery script that will push the request to the server. These operations will be hooked in wp_enqueue_scripts action hook. In the same hook you should put wp_localize_script that it's used to include arbitrary Javascript. By this way there will be a JS object available in front end. This object carries on the correct url to be used by the jQuery handle.

Please take a look to:

  1. wp_register_script(); function
  2. wp_enqueue_scripts hook
  3. wp_enqueue_script(); function
  4. wp_localize_script(); function

add these functions to plugin file.

add_action( 'wp_enqueue_scripts', 'so_enqueue_scripts' );
function so_enqueue_scripts(){
  wp_register_script( 'ajaxHandle', get_template_directory_uri() . 'PATH TO YOUR SCRIPT FILE', array(), false, true );
  wp_enqueue_script( 'ajaxHandle' );
  wp_localize_script( 'ajaxHandle', 'ajax_object', array( 'ajaxurl' => admin_url( 'admin-ajax.php' ) ) );
}

File: jquery.ajax.js

This file makes the ajax call.

jQuery(document).ready( function($){
  //Some event will trigger the ajax call, you can push whatever data to the server, simply passing it to the "data" object in ajax call
  $.ajax({
    url: ajax_object.ajaxurl, // this is the object instantiated in wp_localize_script function
    type: 'POST',
    action: 'myaction' // this is the function in your functions.php that will be triggered
    data:{ 
      name: 'John',
      age: '38'
    },
    success: function( data ){
      //Do something with the result from server
      console.log( data );
    }
  });
});

Finally on your plugin file there should be the function triggered by your ajax call. Remember the suffixes:

  1. wp_ajax ( allow the function only for registered users or admin panel operations )
  2. wp_ajax_nopriv ( allow the function for no privilege users )

These suffixes plus the action compose the name of your action:

wp_ajax_myaction or wp_ajax_nopriv_myaction

add_action( 'wp_ajax_myaction', 'so_wp_ajax_function' );
add_action( 'wp_ajax_nopriv_myaction' 'so_wp_ajax_function' );
function so_wp_ajax_function(){
  //DO whatever you want with data posted
  //To send back a response you have to echo the result!
  echo $_POST['name'];
  echo $_POST['age'];
  wp_die(); // ajax call must die to avoid trailing 0 in your response
}

Hope it helps!

Let me know if something is not clear.

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