user3576118 user3576118 - 1 year ago 109
Android Question

Android Error inflating class from a custom view

I get an error when trying to make a custom SurfaceView view in my apps.


Here is the class:

package com.example.test;
import android.content.Context;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import java.util.List;
public class CustomSurfaceView extends SurfaceView implements SurfaceHolder.Callback {

private static final String TAG = "CameraPreview";

private Context mContext;
private SurfaceHolder mHolder;
private Camera mCamera;
private List<Camera.Size> mSupportedPreviewSizes;
private Camera.Size mPreviewSize;

public CustomSurfaceView(Context context, Context mContext) {
this.mContext = mContext;

public CustomSurfaceView(Context context, Camera camera) {
mContext = context;
mCamera = camera;

// supported preview sizes
mSupportedPreviewSizes = mCamera.getParameters().getSupportedPreviewSizes();
for(Camera.Size str: mSupportedPreviewSizes)
Log.e(TAG, str.width + "/" + str.height);

// Install a SurfaceHolder.Callback so we get notified when the
// underlying surface is created and destroyed.
mHolder = getHolder();
// deprecated setting, but required on Android versions prior to 3.0

public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
// empty. surfaceChanged will take care of stuff

public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
// empty. Take care of releasing the Camera preview in your activity.

public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int w, int h) {
Log.e(TAG, "surfaceChanged => w=" + w + ", h=" + h);
// If your preview can change or rotate, take care of those events here.
// Make sure to stop the preview before resizing or reformatting it.
if (mHolder.getSurface() == null){
// preview surface does not exist

// stop preview before making changes
try {
} catch (Exception e){
// ignore: tried to stop a non-existent preview

// set preview size and make any resize, rotate or reformatting changes here
// start preview with new settings
try {
Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();
parameters.setPreviewSize(mPreviewSize.width, mPreviewSize.height);

} catch (Exception e){
Log.d(TAG, "Error starting camera preview: " + e.getMessage());

protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
final int width = resolveSize(getSuggestedMinimumWidth(), widthMeasureSpec);
final int height = resolveSize(getSuggestedMinimumHeight(), heightMeasureSpec);

if (mSupportedPreviewSizes != null) {
mPreviewSize = getOptimalPreviewSize(mSupportedPreviewSizes, width, height);

if (mPreviewSize!=null) {
float ratio;
if(mPreviewSize.height >= mPreviewSize.width)
ratio = (float) mPreviewSize.height / (float) mPreviewSize.width;
ratio = (float) mPreviewSize.width / (float) mPreviewSize.height;

// One of these methods should be used, second method squishes preview slightly
setMeasuredDimension(width, (int) (width * ratio));
// setMeasuredDimension((int) (width * ratio), height);

private Camera.Size getOptimalPreviewSize(List<Camera.Size> sizes, int w, int h) {
final double ASPECT_TOLERANCE = 0.1;
double targetRatio = (double) h / w;

if (sizes == null)
return null;

Camera.Size optimalSize = null;
double minDiff = Double.MAX_VALUE;

int targetHeight = h;

for (Camera.Size size : sizes) {
double ratio = (double) size.height / size.width;
if (Math.abs(ratio - targetRatio) > ASPECT_TOLERANCE)

if (Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight) < minDiff) {
optimalSize = size;
minDiff = Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight);

if (optimalSize == null) {
minDiff = Double.MAX_VALUE;
for (Camera.Size size : sizes) {
if (Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight) < minDiff) {
optimalSize = size;
minDiff = Math.abs(size.height - targetHeight);

return optimalSize;

The error that I get:

java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo{com.example.test/com.example.test.HomeActivity}: android.view.InflateException: Binary XML file line #7: Binary XML file line #7: Error inflating class com.example.test.CustomSurfaceView

I actually have another custom viewpager view inside the same xml, but it works fine. any idea why I get this error?
I actually have another custom viewpager view inside the same xml, but it works fine. any idea why I get this error?

Answer Source

If you put a view in your layout by using an XML tag for it, you must implement this constructor:

public View(Context context, AttributeSet attrs)
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