B. Clay Shannon - 6 months ago 35

C# Question

When I enter, in the Windows Calculator utility, "15036/18218*100=" it returns 82.53375782193435

What I really want is 17.47 (100 - 82.53), but that's beside the point at the moment.

With this code:

`// Example: thisQty == 3182; totalQty == 18218`

private string GetPercentage(int thisQty, int totalQty)

{

int diff = totalQty - thisQty; // this equates to 15036

double prcntg = (diff/totalQty)*100; // this equates to 0.0 for some reason

return string.Format("{0}%", prcntg);

}

...I'm getting 0.0 for the prcntg value. Why? ISTM that this is the same operation that I'm doing by hand in the Calculator utility. Why doesn't it return 82.53375782193435?

Answer

The dividing of 2 `int`

s will be an `int`

even if the correct mathematical answer is with a fraction.

In order to have it keep the decimal part you must divide with a number of a type that holds the fraction part (like `double`

or `decimal`

):

```
Console.WriteLine(GetPercentage(3182, 18218));
private string GetPercentage(int thisQty, int totalQty)
{
int diff = totalQty - thisQty; // this equates to 15036
double prcntg = (diff / (double)totalQty) * 100;
return string.Format("{0}%", prcntg);
}
```

*BTW - it doesn't matter if you cast to double the diff or the totalQty - for both it will do the / operation returning a double - which means keeping the fraction part*