Yurim Yurim - 8 days ago 7
Java Question

How do I add method based security to a Spring Boot project?

I want to add method based security to a Spring Boot project.

It seemed that all I would need is to add

PermissionEvaluator
and
MethodSecurityExpressionHandler
beans, annotate my
WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter
with
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
and the method with
@PreAuthorize("isAuthenticated() and hasPermission(#param, 'somePermissionName')")
.

But after adding a
PermissionEvaluator
bean

@Bean
public PermissionEvaluator permissionEvaluator() {
HelloPermissionEvaluator bean = new HelloPermissionEvaluator();
return bean;
}


I get an
IllegalArgumentException
: "A ServletContext is required to configure default servlet handling":

Exception in thread "main" org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanCreationException: Error creating bean with name 'defaultServletHandlerMapping' defined in class path resource [org/springframework/web/servlet/config/annotation/DelegatingWebMvcConfiguration.class]: Instantiation of bean failed; nested exception is org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: Factory method [public org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerMapping org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport.defaultServletHandlerMapping()] threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A ServletContext is required to configure default servlet handling
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.ConstructorResolver.instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(ConstructorResolver.java:597)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:1094)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBeanInstance(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:989)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.doCreateBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:504)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.createBean(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.java:475)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory$1.getObject(AbstractBeanFactory.java:304)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.getSingleton(DefaultSingletonBeanRegistry.java:228)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.doGetBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:300)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.AbstractBeanFactory.getBean(AbstractBeanFactory.java:195)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.DefaultListableBeanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons(DefaultListableBeanFactory.java:703)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.finishBeanFactoryInitialization(AbstractApplicationContext.java:760)
at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:482)
at org.springframework.boot.context.embedded.EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.refresh(EmbeddedWebApplicationContext.java:120)
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:648)
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:311)
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:909)
at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:898)
at com.domain.simple.Application.main(Application.java:14)
Caused by: org.springframework.beans.factory.BeanDefinitionStoreException: Factory method [public org.springframework.web.servlet.HandlerMapping org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport.defaultServletHandlerMapping()] threw exception; nested exception is java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A ServletContext is required to configure default servlet handling
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.SimpleInstantiationStrategy.instantiate(SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java:188)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.ConstructorResolver.instantiateUsingFactoryMethod(ConstructorResolver.java:586)
... 17 more
Caused by: java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: A ServletContext is required to configure default servlet handling
at org.springframework.util.Assert.notNull(Assert.java:112)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer.<init>(DefaultServletHandlerConfigurer.java:54)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.WebMvcConfigurationSupport.defaultServletHandlerMapping(WebMvcConfigurationSupport.java:346)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DelegatingWebMvcConfiguration$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$d7f296e3.CGLIB$defaultServletHandlerMapping$26(<generated>)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DelegatingWebMvcConfiguration$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$d7f296e3$$FastClassBySpringCGLIB$$48c20692.invoke(<generated>)
at org.springframework.cglib.proxy.MethodProxy.invokeSuper(MethodProxy.java:228)
at org.springframework.context.annotation.ConfigurationClassEnhancer$BeanMethodInterceptor.intercept(ConfigurationClassEnhancer.java:312)
at org.springframework.web.servlet.config.annotation.DelegatingWebMvcConfiguration$$EnhancerBySpringCGLIB$$d7f296e3.defaultServletHandlerMapping(<generated>)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke0(Native Method)
at sun.reflect.NativeMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(NativeMethodAccessorImpl.java:62)
at sun.reflect.DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.invoke(DelegatingMethodAccessorImpl.java:43)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java:483)
at org.springframework.beans.factory.support.SimpleInstantiationStrategy.instantiate(SimpleInstantiationStrategy.java:166)
... 18 more


All I could find on the web is related to jUnit testing. Why is this exception being thrown? What am I missing? Do I have to add a ServletContext bean, and if so, how?

My requirements are Gradle, Spring Boot and java config (instead of XML config). The minimal and complete source follows:




Application.java

package com.domain.simple;

import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.EnableAutoConfiguration;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@EnableAutoConfiguration
@Configuration
@ComponentScan
public class Application {

public static void main(String[] args) throws Throwable {
SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
}

}


HelloController.java

package com.domain.simple;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.security.access.prepost.PreAuthorize;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.PathVariable;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

@Controller
public class HelloController {

Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HelloController.class);

// @PreAuthorize("isAuthenticated() and hasPermission(#param, 'somePermissionName')")
@RequestMapping(value = "/hello/{param}")
@ResponseBody
public String hello(@PathVariable("param") String param) {
log.info("hello(" + param + ") called");
return "Hello " + param;
}
}


HelloPermissionEvaluator.java

package com.domain.simple;

import java.io.Serializable;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.security.access.PermissionEvaluator;
import org.springframework.security.core.Authentication;

public class HelloPermissionEvaluator implements PermissionEvaluator {

Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(HelloPermissionEvaluator.class);

@Override
public boolean hasPermission(Authentication authentication,
Object targetDomainObject, Object permission) {
log.info("hasPermission(Authentication, Object, Object) called");
return true;
}

@Override
public boolean hasPermission(Authentication authentication,
Serializable targetId, String targetType, Object permission) {
log.error("hasPermission(Authentication, Serializable, String, Object) called");
throw new RuntimeException("ID based permission evaluation currently not supported.");
}
}


WebSecurityConfig.java

package com.domain.simple;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.ComponentScan;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.security.access.PermissionEvaluator;
import org.springframework.security.access.expression.method.DefaultMethodSecurityExpressionHandler;
import org.springframework.security.access.expression.method.MethodSecurityExpressionHandler;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.method.configuration.EnableGlobalMethodSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity;
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter;

@Configuration
@ComponentScan
@EnableWebSecurity
@EnableGlobalMethodSecurity(prePostEnabled = true)
public class WebSecurityConfig extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {

@Override
protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder authManagerBuilder)
throws Exception {
authManagerBuilder.inMemoryAuthentication().withUser("user")
.password("password").roles("USER");
}

// @Bean
// public MethodSecurityExpressionHandler expressionHandler() {
// DefaultMethodSecurityExpressionHandler bean = new DefaultMethodSecurityExpressionHandler();
// bean.setPermissionEvaluator(permissionEvaluator());
// return bean;
// }

// this causes an IllegalArgumentException ("A ServletContext is required to configure default servlet handling")
@Bean
public PermissionEvaluator permissionEvaluator() {
HelloPermissionEvaluator bean = new HelloPermissionEvaluator();
return bean;
}

}


build.gradle

buildscript {
repositories {
maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot" }
mavenLocal()
}
dependencies {
classpath("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-gradle-plugin:1.0.2.RELEASE")
}
}

apply plugin: 'eclipse'
apply plugin: 'java'
apply plugin: 'spring-boot'

jar {
baseName = 'simple'
version = '0.1.0'
}

repositories {
mavenCentral()
maven { url "http://repo.spring.io/libs-snapshot" }
}

dependencies {
compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-web")
compile("org.springframework.boot:spring-boot-starter-security")
}

task wrapper(type: Wrapper) {
gradleVersion = '1.12'
}

Answer

Try putting the PermissionEvaluator in a separate @Configuration class. You appear to be forcing it to be instantiated before the ServletContext is ready (Spring Security filters have to be created super early so this can happen).

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