dontoo dontoo - 5 months ago 35
C# Question

How does MatchEvaluator in Regex.Replace work?

This is the input string

23x * y34x2
. I want to insert
" * "
(star surrounded by whitespaces) after every number followed by letter, and after every letter followed by number. So my input string would look like this:
23 * x * y * 34 * x * 2

This is the regex that does the job:
. This is the function that I wrote that inserts the
" * "

Regex reg = new Regex(@"\d(?=[a-z])|[a-z](?=\d)");
MatchCollection matchC;
matchC = reg.Matches(input);
int ii = 1;
foreach (Match element in matchC)//foreach match I will find the index of that match
input = input.Insert(element.Index + ii, " * ");//since I' am inserting " * " ( 3 characters )
ii += 3; //I must increment index by 3
return input; //return modified input

My question how to do same job using .net
? I'am new to regex and don't understand good replacing with
. This is the code that I tried to wrote:

Regex reg = new Regex(@"\d(?=[a-z])|[a-z](?=\d)");
MatchEvaluator matchEval = new MatchEvaluator(ReplaceStar);
input = reg.Replace(input, matchEval);
return input;
public string ReplaceStar( Match match )
//return What??


A MatchEvaluator is a delegate that takes a Match object and returns a string that should be replaced instead of the match. You can also refer to groups from the match. You can rewrite your code as follows:

string input = "23x * y34x2";
Regex reg = new Regex(@"\d(?=[a-z])|[a-z](?=\d)");
string result = reg.Replace(input, delegate(Match m) {
    return m.Value + " * ";

To give an example of how this works, the first time the delegate is called, Match parameter will be a match on the string "3". The delegate in this case is defined to return the match itself as a string concatenated with " * ". So the first "3" is replaced with "3 * ".

The process continues in this way, with delegate being called once for each match in the original string.