Zach Zach - 2 months ago 17
Python Question

Multiple linear regression in Python

I can't seem to find any python libraries that do multiple regression. The only things I find only do simple regression. I need to regress my dependent variable (y) against several independent variables (x1, x2, x3, etc.).

For example, with this data:

print 'y x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7'
for t in texts:
print "{:>7.1f}{:>10.2f}{:>9.2f}{:>9.2f}{:>10.2f}{:>7.2f}{:>7.2f}{:>9.2f}" /
.format(t.y,t.x1,t.x2,t.x3,t.x4,t.x5,t.x6,t.x7)


(output for above:)

y x1 x2 x3 x4 x5 x6 x7
-6.0 -4.95 -5.87 -0.76 14.73 4.02 0.20 0.45
-5.0 -4.55 -4.52 -0.71 13.74 4.47 0.16 0.50
-10.0 -10.96 -11.64 -0.98 15.49 4.18 0.19 0.53
-5.0 -1.08 -3.36 0.75 24.72 4.96 0.16 0.60
-8.0 -6.52 -7.45 -0.86 16.59 4.29 0.10 0.48
-3.0 -0.81 -2.36 -0.50 22.44 4.81 0.15 0.53
-6.0 -7.01 -7.33 -0.33 13.93 4.32 0.21 0.50
-8.0 -4.46 -7.65 -0.94 11.40 4.43 0.16 0.49
-8.0 -11.54 -10.03 -1.03 18.18 4.28 0.21 0.55


How would I regress these in python, to get the linear regression formula:


Y = a1x1 + a2x2 + a3x3 + a4x4 + a5x5 + a6x6 + +a7x7 + c

Answer

sklearn.linear_model.LinearRegression will do it:

from sklearn import linear_model
clf = linear_model.LinearRegression()
clf.fit([[getattr(t, 'x%d' % i) for i in range(1, 8)] for t in texts],
        [t.y for t in texts])

Then clf.coef_ will have the regression coefficients.

sklearn.linear_model also has similar interfaces to do various kinds of regularizations on the regression.

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