Maria Koroliuk Maria Koroliuk - 1 year ago 1228
Python Question

PySpark DataFrames - way to enumerate without converting to Pandas?

I have a very big pyspark.sql.dataframe.DataFrame named df.
I need some way of enumerating records- thus, being able to access record with certain index. (or select group of records with indexes range)

In pandas, I could make just


Here I want something similar, (and without converting dataframe to pandas)

The closest I can get to is:

  • Enumerating all the objects in the original dataframe by:

    df_indexed=df.withColumn('index', indexes)

    • Searching for values I need using where() function.


  1. Why it doesn't work and how to make it working? How to add a row to a dataframe?

  2. Would it work later to make something like:

    df1.where("index in indexes").collect()

  3. Any faster and simpler way to deal with it?

Answer Source

It doesn't work because:

  1. the second argument for withColumn should be a Column not a collection. np.array won't work here
  2. when you pass "index in indexes" as a SQL expression to where indexes is out of scope and it is not resolved as a valid identifier

PySpark >= 1.4.0

You can add row numbers using respective window function and query using Column.isin method or properly formated query string:

from pyspark.sql.functions import col, rowNumber
from pyspark.sql.window import Window

w = Window.orderBy()
indexed = df.withColumn("index", rowNumber().over(w))

# Using DSL

# Using SQL expression
indexed.where("index in ({0})".format(",".join(str(x) for x in indexes)))

It looks like window functions called without PARTITION BY clause move all data to the single partition so above may be not the best solution after all.

Any faster and simpler way to deal with it?

Not really. Spark DataFrames don't support random row access.

PairedRDD can be accessed using lookup method which is relatively fast if data is partitioned using HashPartitioner. There is also indexed-rdd project which supports efficient lookups.


Independent of PySpark version you can try something like this:

from pyspark.sql import Row
from pyspark.sql.types import StructType, StructField, LongType

row = Row("char")
row_with_index = Row("char", "index")

df = sc.parallelize(row(chr(x)) for x in range(97, 112)).toDF()

## char
## a   
## b   
## c   
## d   
## e  

# This part is not tested but should work and save some work later
schema  = StructType(
    df.schema.fields[:] + [StructField("index", LongType(), False)])

indexed = (df.rdd # Extract rdd
    .zipWithIndex() # Add index
    .map(lambda ri: row_with_index(*list(ri[0]) + [ri[1]])) # Map to rows
    .toDF(schema)) # It will work without schema but will be more expensive