matteok matteok - 1 year ago 124
Python Question

set contenttype by name in generic relation in django rest framework

class Foo(models.Model):
bar = models.CharField(max_length=300)
content_type = models.ForeignKey(ContentType)
object_id = models.PositiveIntegerField()
content_object = GenericForeignKey('content_type', 'object_id')

class FooSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
class Meta:
model = Foo

class FooViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet):
model = Foo
serializer_class = FooSerializer

I can now post data to the viewset that looks like this:

bar: 'content',
content_type: 1
object_id: 5

The only thing that's bugging me is that the frontend would have to be aware of the contenttype id's

Instead I want to be able to post the content_types name like 'User' as content_type and have the backend determine the id.

okm okm
Answer Source

You could customize WritableField to map contenttype id to 'app_label.model' string:

class ContentTypeField(serializers.WritableField):
    def field_from_native(self, data, files, field_name, into):
        into[field_name] = self.from_native(data[field_name])

    def from_native(self, data):
        app_label, model = data.split('.')
        return ContentType.objects.get(app_label=app_label, model=model)

    # If content_type is write_only, there is no need to have field_to_native here.
    def field_to_native(self, obj, field_name):
        if self.write_only:
            return None
        if obj is None:
            return self.empty
        ct = getattr(obj, field_name)
        return '.'.join(ct.natural_key())

class FooSerializer(serializers.ModelSerializer):
    content_type = ContentTypeField()
    # ...

You may want to do a second mapping to limit choices of contenttype and to avoid unveiling of your app/model names:

  'exposed-contenttype': 'app_label.model'

class ContentTypeField(...):
    def from_native(self, data):
        if data not in CONTENT_TYPES:
            raise serializers.ValidationError(...)
        app_label, model = CONTENT_TYPES[data].split('.')
        # ...
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