Martin Devillers Martin Devillers - 1 year ago 181
Javascript Question

Generating a JS-client based on a ASP.NET WebAPI Controller

In modern web-projects that use RESTful API's we often see AJAX-calls like the one below littered around our JavaScript-files.

type: "POST",
url: myapp.baseUrl + 'Api/Note',
data: ko.mapping.toJSON(note),
contentType: 'application/json',
}).done(function (response) {
// do something
}).fail(function (jqxhr) {
// do something else

I love WebAPI, I love Knockout and I love tying the two together. However these AJAX-calls are quite verbose and contain all kinds of details that I am not really interested in. So instead, I create a wrapper around these methods:


However this still requires me to actually write a wrapper containing the AJAX-call. I was wondering if you could actually generate these wrappers. In essence, I would be generating a JS-based client for my WebAPI, similar to how Java and .NET can generate clients based on WSDL's.

  1. Has this been done before?

  2. Are there other ways to tie ASP.NET WebAPI and JavaScript together without writing a bunch of AJAX boilerplate code?

  3. In other words, are there frameworks for creating JS-interfaces based on server-side interfaces like ASP.NET WebAPI?

I've already looked at amplifyJS but this only partially solves the problem. I am looking for a solution that actually creates an interface based on the WebAPI-controllers in my solution. If this does not exist, I will start tinkering myself. I've already got an idea for a
that uses reflection to iterate over all

Answer Source

Just found a project called: ProxyApi

ProxyApi is a library that automatically creates JavaScript proxy objects for your ASP.NET MVC and WebApi Controllers.



ProxyApi generated invalid JavaScript for my solution which contained over a hundred separate WebAPI actions. This is probably because ProxyApi does not cover all WebApi features such as custom ActionName attributes. Moreover the ProxyApi library is a bit on the bulky side to my taste. There has to be a more efficient way to do this...

So I decided to take a look at the ASP.NET WebAPI source code and it turns out WebAPI has self-describing functionality built into it. You can use the following code from anywhere in your ASP.NET solution to access WebAPI metadata:

var apiExplorer = GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Services.GetApiExplorer();

Based on the output from apiExplorer.ApiDescriptions, I rolled my own metadata provider:

public class MetadataController : Controller
    public virtual PartialViewResult WebApiDescription()
        var apiExplorer = GlobalConfiguration.Configuration.Services.GetApiExplorer();
        var apiMethods = apiExplorer.ApiDescriptions.Select(ad => new ApiMethodModel(ad)).ToList();
        return PartialView(apiMethods);

    public class ApiMethodModel
        public string Method { get; set; }
        public string Url { get; set; }
        public string ControllerName { get; set; }
        public string ActionName { get; set; }
        public IEnumerable<ApiParameterModel> Parameters { get; set; }

        public ApiMethodModel(ApiDescription apiDescription)
            Method = apiDescription.HttpMethod.Method;
            Url = apiDescription.RelativePath;
            ControllerName = apiDescription.ActionDescriptor.ControllerDescriptor.ControllerName;
            ActionName = apiDescription.ActionDescriptor.ActionName;
            Parameters = apiDescription.ParameterDescriptions.Select(pd => new ApiParameterModel(pd));

    public class ApiParameterModel
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public bool IsUriParameter { get; set; }

        public ApiParameterModel(ApiParameterDescription apiParameterDescription)
            Name = apiParameterDescription.Name;
            IsUriParameter = apiParameterDescription.Source == ApiParameterSource.FromUri;

Use this controller in conjunction with the following view:

@model IEnumerable<Awesome.Controllers.MetadataController.ApiMethodModel>
<script type="text/javascript">
    var awesome = awesome || {};

    awesome.api = {
        metadata: @Html.Raw(Json.Encode(Model))

    $.each(awesome.api.metadata, function (i, action) {
        if (!awesome.api[action.ControllerName]) {
            awesome.api[action.ControllerName] = {};
        awesome.api[action.ControllerName][action.ActionName] = function (parameters) {
            var url = '/' + action.Url;
            var data;
            $.each(action.Parameters, function (j, parameter) {
                if (parameters[parameter.Name] === undefined) {
                    console.log('Missing parameter: ' + parameter.Name + ' for API: ' + action.ControllerName + '/' + action.ActionName);
                } else if (parameter.IsUriParameter) {
                    url = url.replace("{" + parameter.Name + "}", parameters[parameter.Name]);
                } else if (data === undefined) {
                    data = parameters[parameter.Name];
                } else {
                    console.log('Detected multiple body-parameters for API: ' + action.ControllerName + '/' + action.ActionName);
            return $.ajax({
                type: action.Method,
                url: url,
                data: data,
                contentType: 'application/json'

The controller will use the ApiExplorer to generate metadata about all available WebAPI actions. The view will render this data as JSON and then execute some JavaScript to transform this data to actual executable JavaScript functions.

To use this little bit of magic, insert the following line in the head of your Layout page after your jQuery reference.


From now on, you can make your WebAPI calls look like this:

// GET: /Api/Notes?id={id}
awesome.api.Notes.Get({ id: id }).done(function () {
    // .. do something cool       

// POST: /Api/Notes
awesome.api.Notes.Post({ form: formData }).done(function () {
    // .. do something cool       

This simple proxy will automatically distinguish query string parameters from request body parameters. Missing parameters or multiple body-parameters will generate an error to prevent typo's or other common WebAPI development errors.

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