Axarydax Axarydax - 5 months ago 24
SQL Question

Getting maximum value of float in SQL programatically

Is there an method for programatically (in T-SQL) retrieving the maximum (and minimum) value of a datatype? That it would act like float.MaxValue in C#.

I would like to use it in some selection when the parameter does not equal any actual values in the database, so I would use something like

declare @min float
declare @max float
--fill @min and @max, can be null if undefined
select * from foo
where bar between isnull(@min,0 ) and isnull(@max,max(float)/*magic*/)


Thanks

Answer

Though there doesn't appear to be any inline way to get the min or max values, there's a solution somebody put together:

 CREATE TABLE datatype_extrema 
  (min_bit bit NOT NULL DEFAULT (0) CHECK (min_Bit=0) 
  ,max_bit           AS CAST(0x1 AS bit) 
  ,min_tinyint       AS CAST(0x00 AS tinyint) 
  ,max_tinyint       AS CAST(0xFF AS tinyint) 
  ,min_smallint      AS CAST(0x8000 AS smallint) 
  ,max_smallint      AS CAST(0x7FFF AS smallint) 
  ,min_int           AS CAST(0x80000000 AS int) 
  ,max_int           AS CAST(0x7FFFFFFF AS int) 
  ,min_bigint        AS CAST(0x8000000000000000 AS bigint) 
  ,max_bigint        AS CAST(0x7FFFFFFFFFFFFFFF AS bigint) 
  ,min_smalldatetime AS CAST('19000101 00:00' AS smalldatetime) 
  ,max_smalldatetime AS CAST('20790606 23:59' AS smalldatetime) 
  ,min_datetime      AS CAST('17530101 00:00:00.000' AS datetime) 
  ,max_datetime      AS CAST('99991231 23:59:59.997' AS datetime) 
  ) 
  INSERT INTO datatype_extrema DEFAULT VALUES 
  GO 
  CREATE TRIGGER nochange_datatype_extrema 
  ON datatype_extrema INSTEAD OF INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE 
  AS BEGIN 
    RAISERROR ('No changes allowed for table datatype_extrema.', 16, 1) 
    ROLLBACK TRANSACTION 
  END 
  GO 

After that, you can either copy a maximum value to a local variable or (when using queries) cross join with this table.

  Declare @max_int int 
  Set @max_int=(SELECT max_int FROM datatype_extrema) 
  IF COALESCE(@FirstInt, @max_int) < COALESCE(@SecondInt, 0)