Spektre Spektre - 15 days ago 4
C++ Question

Including DShow.h breaks VCL AnsiString::sprintf() on BDS2006

Finally got some time to upgrade my video capture class and wanted to compare VFW (I used till now) and DirectShow. As expected DirectShow is faster but when I added info texts suddenly

is no longer a member of

After some struggle I found a workaround as
still works but I am curious how to fix this. May be some define from DShow.h and DString.h are conflicting or whatever. I cut down all the unnecessary code to show this problem:

//$$---- Form CPP ----
#include <vcl.h>
#include <dshow.h>
#pragma hdrstop

#include "Unit1.h"
#pragma package(smart_init)
#pragma resource "*.dfm"
TForm1 *Form1;
__fastcall TForm1::TForm1(TComponent* Owner):TForm(Owner)
void __fastcall TForm1::Timer1Timer(TObject *Sender)
static int i=0;
Caption=AnsiString().sprintf("%i",i); // this does not work
AnsiString s; s.printf("%i",i); Caption=s; // this does work

It is just simple Form App with single timer on it. The timer is incrementing its counter
and outputting as Form Caption. The DirectX libs are not even linked just headers included!

The Linker outputs error:

[C++ Error] Unit1.cpp(20): E2316 'sprintf_instead_use_StringCbPrintfA_or_StringCchPrintfA' is not a member of 'AnsiString'

If I swap the VCL.h and DShow.h includes then compiler stops in DString on this line:

AnsiString& __cdecl sprintf(const char* format, ...); // Returns *this

With message:

[C++ Error] dstring.h(59): E2040 Declaration terminated incorrectly

So there is clearly something conflicting (The
keyword is the problem). Putting DShow.h into
does not help either.

Does someone have any clues?

Q1. How to fix this?

Q2. What/where exactly is causing this?

The only solution that I think of and should work (but want to avoid it if I can) is to create OBJ (or DLL) file with the DShow stuff and then link that to standard VCL project without including DShow.h in it and of coarse the exports must be without any funny stuff.


I don't have this very version of dshow.h and dstring.h, so I cannot check it myself, but from the error messages you cite it seems that somewhere in dshow.h or its dependencies they declare an "sprintf" macro. You may look if you can find it.

In order to prevent that behaviour you need to delete this macro. Use

#undef sprintf

after the line that includes dshow.h.