dukbur dukbur - 1 month ago 10
Python Question

(Very) basic Python client socket example

I've been trying to wrap my head around how sockets work, and I've been trying to pick apart some sample code I found at this page for a very simple client socket program. Since this is basic sample code, I assumed it had no errors, but when I try to compile it, I get the following error message.


File "client.py", line 4, in
client_socket.connect(('localhost', 5000))
File "", line 1, in connect
socket.error: [Errno 111] Connection refused


I've googled pretty much every part of this error, and people who've had similar problems seem to have been helped by changing the port number, using 'connect' instead of 'bind,' and a few other things, but none of them applied to my situation. Any help is greatly appreciated, since I'm very new to network programming and fairly new to python.

By the way, here is the code in case that link doesn't work for whatever reason.

#client example
import socket
client_socket = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
client_socket.connect(('localhost', 5000))
while 1:
data = client_socket.recv(512)
if ( data == 'q' or data == 'Q'):
client_socket.close()
break;
else:
print "RECIEVED:" , data
data = raw_input ( "SEND( TYPE q or Q to Quit):" )
if (data <> 'Q' and data <> 'q'):
client_socket.send(data)
else:
client_socket.send(data)
client_socket.close()
break;

Answer

It's trying to connect to the computer it's running on on port 5000, but the connection is being refused. Are you sure you have a server running?

If not, you can use netcat for testing:

nc -l -k -p 5000

Some implementations may require you to omit the -p flag.