ueg1990 ueg1990 - 1 year ago 95
Java Question

permutations of a string using iteration

I'm trying to find permutation of a given string, but I want to use iteration. The recursive solution I found online and I do understand it, but converting it to an iterative solution is really not working out. Below I have attached my code. I would really appreciate the help:

public static void combString(String s) {
char[] a = new char[s.length()];
//String temp = "";
for(int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
a[i] = s.charAt(i);
for(int i = 0; i < s.length(); i++) {
String temp = "" + a[i];

for(int j = 0; j < s.length();j++) {
//int k = j;
if(i != j) {
temp += s.substring(0,j) + s.substring(j+1,s.length());

Answer Source

Following up on my related question comment, here's a Java implementation that does what you want using the Counting QuickPerm Algorithm:

public static void combString(String s) {
    // Print initial string, as only the alterations will be printed later
    char[] a = s.toCharArray();
    int n = a.length;
    int[] p = new int[n];  // Weight index control array initially all zeros. Of course, same size of the char array.
    int i = 1; //Upper bound index. i.e: if string is "abc" then index i could be at "c"
    while (i < n) {
        if (p[i] < i) { //if the weight index is bigger or the same it means that we have already switched between these i,j (one iteration before).
            int j = ((i % 2) == 0) ? 0 : p[i];//Lower bound index. i.e: if string is "abc" then j index will always be 0.
            swap(a, i, j);
            // Print current
            p[i]++; //Adding 1 to the specific weight that relates to the char array.
            i = 1; //if i was 2 (for example), after the swap we now need to swap for i=1
        else { 
            p[i] = 0;//Weight index will be zero because one iteration before, it was 1 (for example) to indicate that char array a[i] swapped.
            i++;//i index will have the option to go forward in the char array for "longer swaps"

private static String join(char[] a) {
    StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
    return builder.toString();

private static void swap(char[] a, int i, int j) {
    char temp = a[i];
    a[i] = a[j];
    a[j] = temp;
Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download