user3508551 user3508551 - 4 years ago 156
C++ Question

Difference between adding and omitting template parameter for class name inside constructor

I want to know if there is essentially a difference between:

template <typename T>
class foo{
foo<T>(){};
};

template<typename T>
class foo{
foo(){};
};


Both seem to work, but I don't understand the difference between the two. The first one is confusing me, I don't understand what's the role of the < T > here.

Answer Source

According to the rule of injected-class-name, they're exalctly the same thing.

$14.6.1/1 Locally declared names [temp.local]:

Like normal (non-template) classes, class templates have an injected-class-name (Clause [class]). The injected-class-name can be used as a template-name or a type-name. When it is used with a template-argument-list, as a template-argument for a template template-parameter, or as the final identifier in the elaborated-type-specifier of a friend class template declaration, it refers to the class template itself. Otherwise, it is equivalent to the template-name followed by the template-parameters of the class template enclosed in <>.

So foo and foo<T> refer to the same thing here. More specifically,

The first one is confusing me, I don't understand what's the role of the < T > here.

You're using the inject-class-name foo with its template parameter T (i.e. foo<T>), which refers to the template class itself.

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