Mario M Mario M - 1 month ago 10
Android Question

How to implement OnFragmentInteractionListener

I have a wizard generated app with navigation drawer in android studio 0.8.2

I have created a fragment and added it with newInstance() and I get this error:

com.domain.myapp E/AndroidRuntime﹕ FATAL EXCEPTION: main
java.lang.ClassCastException:
com.domain.myapp.MainActivity@422fb8f0
must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener


I can't find anywhere how to implement this OnFragmentInteractionListener ??
It cannot be found even in android sdk documentation!

MainActivity.java

import android.app.Activity;

import android.app.ActionBar;
import android.app.Fragment;
import android.app.FragmentManager;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;


public class MainActivity extends Activity
implements NavigationDrawerFragment.NavigationDrawerCallbacks {

/**
* Fragment managing the behaviors, interactions and presentation of the navigation drawer.
*/
private NavigationDrawerFragment mNavigationDrawerFragment;

/**
* Used to store the last screen title. For use in {@link #restoreActionBar()}.
*/
private CharSequence mTitle;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

mNavigationDrawerFragment = (NavigationDrawerFragment)
getFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.navigation_drawer);
mTitle = getTitle();

// Set up the drawer.
mNavigationDrawerFragment.setUp(
R.id.navigation_drawer,
(DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawer_layout));
}

@Override
public void onNavigationDrawerItemSelected(int position) {
// update the main content by replacing fragments
FragmentManager fragmentManager = getFragmentManager();

switch (position) {
case 0: fragmentManager.beginTransaction()
.replace(R.id.container, PlaceholderFragment.newInstance(position + 1))
.commit(); break;
case 1: fragmentManager.beginTransaction()
.replace(R.id.container, AboutFragment.newInstance("test1", "test2"))
.commit(); break; // this crashes the app
case 2: fragmentManager.beginTransaction()
.replace(R.id.container, BrowseQuotesFragment.newInstance("test1", "test2"))
.commit(); break; // this crashes the app
}
}


public void onSectionAttached(int number) {
switch (number) {
case 1:
mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section1);
break;
case 2:
mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section2);
break;
case 3:
mTitle = getString(R.string.title_section3);
break;
}
}

public void restoreActionBar() {
ActionBar actionBar = getActionBar();
actionBar.setNavigationMode(ActionBar.NAVIGATION_MODE_STANDARD);
actionBar.setDisplayShowTitleEnabled(true);
actionBar.setTitle(mTitle);
}


@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
if (!mNavigationDrawerFragment.isDrawerOpen()) {
// Only show items in the action bar relevant to this screen
// if the drawer is not showing. Otherwise, let the drawer
// decide what to show in the action bar.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
restoreActionBar();
return true;
}
return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
}

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
int id = item.getItemId();
if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
return true;
}
return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}

/**
* A placeholder fragment containing a simple view.
*/
public static class PlaceholderFragment extends Fragment {
/**
* The fragment argument representing the section number for this
* fragment.
*/
private static final String ARG_SECTION_NUMBER = "section_number";

/**
* Returns a new instance of this fragment for the given section
* number.
*/
public static PlaceholderFragment newInstance(int sectionNumber) {
PlaceholderFragment fragment = new PlaceholderFragment();
Bundle args = new Bundle();
args.putInt(ARG_SECTION_NUMBER, sectionNumber);
fragment.setArguments(args);
return fragment;
}

public PlaceholderFragment() {
}

@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
Bundle savedInstanceState) {
View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_main, container, false);
return rootView;
}

@Override
public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
super.onAttach(activity);
((MainActivity) activity).onSectionAttached(
getArguments().getInt(ARG_SECTION_NUMBER));
}
}


}

Answer

Answers posted here did not help, but the following link did:

http://developer.android.com/training/basics/fragments/communicating.html

Define an Interface

public class HeadlinesFragment extends ListFragment {
    OnHeadlineSelectedListener mCallback;

    // Container Activity must implement this interface
    public interface OnHeadlineSelectedListener {
        public void onArticleSelected(int position);
    }

    @Override
    public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
        super.onAttach(activity);

        // This makes sure that the container activity has implemented
        // the callback interface. If not, it throws an exception
        try {
            mCallback = (OnHeadlineSelectedListener) activity;
        } catch (ClassCastException e) {
            throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString()
                    + " must implement OnHeadlineSelectedListener");
        }
    }

    ...
}

For example, the following method in the fragment is called when the user clicks on a list item. The fragment uses the callback interface to deliver the event to the parent activity.

@Override
public void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {
    // Send the event to the host activity
    mCallback.onArticleSelected(position);
}

Implement the Interface

For example, the following activity implements the interface from the above example.

public static class MainActivity extends Activity
        implements HeadlinesFragment.OnHeadlineSelectedListener{
    ...

    public void onArticleSelected(int position) {
        // The user selected the headline of an article from the HeadlinesFragment
        // Do something here to display that article
    }
}

Update for API 23: 8/31/2015

Overrided method onAttach(Activity activity) is now deprecated in android.app.Fragment, code should be upgraded to onAttach(Context context)

@Override
public void onAttach(Context context) {
    super.onAttach(context);
}


@Override
public void onStart() {
    super.onStart();
    try {
        mListener = (OnFragmentInteractionListener) getActivity();
    } catch (ClassCastException e) {
        throw new ClassCastException(getActivity().toString()
                + " must implement OnFragmentInteractionListener");
    }
}