Hulk Hulk - 11 months ago 33
Python Question

Checking whether a variable is an integer or not

How do I check whether a variable is an integer?


If you need to do this, do

isinstance( <var>, int )

unless you are in Python 2.x in which case you want

isinstance( <var>, ( int, long ) )

Do not use type. It is almost never the right answer in Python, since it blocks all the flexibility of polymorphism. For instance, if you subclass int, your new class should register as an int, which type will not do:

class Spam( int ): pass
x = Spam( 0 )
type( x ) == int # False
isinstance( x, int ) # True

This adheres to Python's strong polymorphism: you should allow any object that behaves like an int, instead of mandating that it be one.


The classical Python mentality, though, is that it's easier to ask forgiveness than permission. In other words, don't check whether x is an integer; assume that it is and catch the exception results if it isn't:

    x += 1
except TypeError:

This mentality is slowly being overtaken by the use of abstract base classes, which let you register exactly what properties your object should have (adding? multiplying? doubling?) by making it inherit from a specially-constructed class. That would be the best solution, since it will permit exactly those objects with the necessary and sufficient attributes, but you will have to read the docs on how to use it.