alvas alvas - 4 months ago 30
Python Question

How to pip install cairocffi?

How do I install

cairocffi
through
pip
?


cairocffi
is a CFFI-based drop-in replacement for
Pycairo
https://github.com/SimonSapin/cairocffi.

I'm trying to install it on Ubuntu 14.04:

alvas@ubi:~$ cat /etc/*-release
DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu
DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04
DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty
DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS"
NAME="Ubuntu"
VERSION="14.04.2 LTS, Trusty Tahr"
ID=ubuntu
ID_LIKE=debian
PRETTY_NAME="Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS"
VERSION_ID="14.04"
HOME_URL="http://www.ubuntu.com/"
SUPPORT_URL="http://help.ubuntu.com/"
BUG_REPORT_URL="http://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/"


I've tried installing with the standard pip command but I get this:

$ sudo pip install cairocffi
The directory '/home/alvas/.cache/pip/log' or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the debug log has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo's -H flag.
The directory '/home/alvas/.cache/pip/http' or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo's -H flag.
The directory '/home/alvas/.cache/pip/http' or its parent directory is not owned by the current user and the cache has been disabled. Please check the permissions and owner of that directory. If executing pip with sudo, you may want sudo's -H flag.
Collecting cairocffi
Downloading cairocffi-0.6.tar.gz (75kB)
100% |████████████████████████████████| 77kB 34kB/s
Collecting cffi>=0.6 (from cairocffi)
Downloading cffi-0.9.2.tar.gz (209kB)
100% |████████████████████████████████| 212kB 97kB/s
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): pycparser in /usr/local/lib/python3.4/dist-packages (from cffi>=0.6->cairocffi)
Installing collected packages: cffi, cairocffi
Running setup.py install for cffi
Complete output from command /usr/bin/python3 -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-d3kjzf__/cffi/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-ll323a3c-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
running install
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/commontypes.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/lock.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/api.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/verifier.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/cparser.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/backend_ctypes.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/vengine_gen.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/gc_weakref.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/ffiplatform.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/model.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/vengine_cpy.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
running build_ext
building '_cffi_backend' extension
creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4
creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4/c
x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -g -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -DUSE__THREAD -I/usr/include/ffi -I/usr/include/libffi -I/usr/include/python3.4m -c c/_cffi_backend.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4/c/_cffi_backend.o
c/_cffi_backend.c:13:17: fatal error: ffi.h: No such file or directory
#include <ffi.h>
^
compilation terminated.
error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python3 -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-d3kjzf__/cffi/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-ll323a3c-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-d3kjzf__/cffi


I've manually checked the permission and I realized that there's no write access permission. Why is that so? And why isn't sudo working to overwrite the permission?

$ ls -la .cache/pip/log/
total 60
drwxrwxr-x 2 alvas alvas 4096 Feb 3 10:51 .
drwx------ 4 alvas alvas 4096 Apr 12 23:16 ..
-rw-rw-r-- 1 alvas alvas 49961 Apr 12 23:18 debug.log


When I tried
sudo -H pip install cairoffi
, I got:

sudo -H pip install cairocffi
Collecting cairocffi
Using cached cairocffi-0.6.tar.gz
Collecting cffi>=0.6 (from cairocffi)
Downloading cffi-0.9.2.tar.gz (209kB)
100% |████████████████████████████████| 212kB 29kB/s
Requirement already satisfied (use --upgrade to upgrade): pycparser in /usr/local/lib/python3.4/dist-packages (from cffi>=0.6->cairocffi)
Installing collected packages: cffi, cairocffi
Running setup.py install for cffi
Complete output from command /usr/bin/python3 -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-2sv6pbsp/cffi/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-xk4kkjrj-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
Package libffi was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `libffi.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'libffi' found
running install
running build
running build_py
creating build
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4
creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/commontypes.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/lock.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/api.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/verifier.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/__init__.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/cparser.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/backend_ctypes.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/vengine_gen.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/gc_weakref.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/ffiplatform.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/model.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
copying cffi/vengine_cpy.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.4/cffi
running build_ext
building '_cffi_backend' extension
creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4
creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4/c
x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -g -fstack-protector --param=ssp-buffer-size=4 -Wformat -Werror=format-security -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -DUSE__THREAD -I/usr/include/ffi -I/usr/include/libffi -I/usr/include/python3.4m -c c/_cffi_backend.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.4/c/_cffi_backend.o
c/_cffi_backend.c:13:17: fatal error: ffi.h: No such file or directory
#include <ffi.h>
^
compilation terminated.
error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

----------------------------------------
Command "/usr/bin/python3 -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-2sv6pbsp/cffi/setup.py';exec(compile(getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__).read().replace('\r\n', '\n'), __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-xk4kkjrj-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-2sv6pbsp/cffi


As @MattDMo suggested, i've tried
apt-get install libffi
but it still didn't work out:

alvas@ubi:~$ sudo apt-get install libffi libffi-dev
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
E: Unable to locate package libffi


But there isn't any
libffi
on the package manager, so i've tried
libffi-dev
:

alvas@ubi:~$ sudo apt-get install libffi-dev
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libffi-dev
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded.
Need to get 99.8 kB of archives.
After this operation, 323 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ trusty/main libffi-dev amd64 3.1~rc1+r3.0.13-12 [99.8 kB]
Fetched 99.8 kB in 1s (76.3 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package libffi-dev:amd64.
(Reading database ... 492855 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libffi-dev_3.1~rc1+r3.0.13-12_amd64.deb ...
Unpacking libffi-dev:amd64 (3.1~rc1+r3.0.13-12) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.6.7.1-1ubuntu1) ...
Processing triggers for doc-base (0.10.5) ...
Processing 1 added doc-base file...
Processing triggers for install-info (5.2.0.dfsg.1-2) ...
Setting up libffi-dev:amd64 (3.1~rc1+r3.0.13-12) ...


It installs
libffi-dev
successfully but
cairoffi
is still not installing:

alvas@ubi:~$ sudo -H pip install cairoffi
Collecting cairoffi
Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement cairoffi (from versions: )
No matching distribution found for cairoffi
alvas@ubi:~$ sudo -H pip3 install cairoffi
Collecting cairoffi
Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement cairoffi (from versions: )
No matching distribution found for cairoffi

Answer

It's right in the error message:

No package 'libffi' found

You'll need to install libffi and libffi-dev through your distro's package manager (yum, apt-get, whatever) before the pip installation will work. Their names may very slightly from platform to platform.