przemekk przemekk - 15 days ago 12
Python Question

Threads real-time logging

I'm writing a simple script for resizing photos. I'd like to have a widget with text-field in which messages appear after resizing each file.

#!/usr/bin/python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import time, sys
from PyQt5.QtCore import pyqtSignal, QThread
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import QApplication, QPushButton, QTextEdit, QWidget, QVBoxLayout

class Thread(QThread):
log = pyqtSignal(str)
def __init__(self, parent=None):
super(Thread, self).__init__(parent)
def test(self, i):
time.sleep(1)
self.log.emit(str(i))

class Widget(QWidget):
def __init__(self):
super().__init__()
self.ui()
def process(self):
self.toLog('some text...')
worker = Thread()
worker.log.connect(self.toLog)
for i in range(1, 5):
worker.test(i)
def ui(self):
self.LogOutputTxt = QTextEdit()
self.LogOutputTxt.setReadOnly(True)
startBtn = QPushButton('Start')
startBtn.clicked.connect(self.start)
layout = QVBoxLayout()
layout.addWidget(self.LogOutputTxt)
layout.addWidget(startBtn)
self.setLayout(layout)
self.resize(400, 300)
self.show()
def start(self):
self.toLog('start')
self.process()
def toLog(self, txt):
self.LogOutputTxt.append(txt)

if __name__ == '__main__':
app = QApplication(sys.argv)
ui = Widget()
sys.exit(app.exec_())


So far all the messages appear at once after all files are resized. Is there any way to do it one by one (I mean file resized, message displayed, etc.)?

Answer

Below is a re-write of your script that should do want you want.

But note that this is quite simplistic, and doesn't try too hard to ensure thread-safety. The setItems method just makes a shallow copy of the data passed to it - which is only really okay for a list of immutable objects. You also must make sure you never do any gui operations inside the worker thread, which includes operations on pixmaps. If you want to manipulate images, use QImage. (And if you want to know how to stop a running thread, see for example this answer).

#!/usr/bin/python3
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import time, sys
from PyQt5.QtCore import pyqtSignal, QThread
from PyQt5.QtWidgets import (
    QApplication, QPushButton, QTextEdit, QWidget, QVBoxLayout
    )

class Thread(QThread):
    log = pyqtSignal(str)

    def __init__(self, parent=None):
        super(Thread, self).__init__(parent)
        self._items = []

    def setItems(self, items):
        if not self.isRunning():
            self._items[:] = items

    def run(self):
        for item in self._items:
            time.sleep(1)
            self.log.emit('processing: %s' % item)

class Widget(QWidget):
    def __init__(self):
        super().__init__()
        self.ui()
        self._worker = Thread(self)
        self._worker.log.connect(self.toLog)
        self._worker.started.connect(lambda: self.toLog('start'))
        self._worker.finished.connect(lambda: self.toLog('finished'))

    def process(self):
        items = ['Image%02d.png' % i for i in range(10)]
        self._worker.setItems(items)
        self._worker.start()

    def ui(self):
        self.LogOutputTxt = QTextEdit()
        self.LogOutputTxt.setReadOnly(True)
        startBtn = QPushButton('Start')
        startBtn.clicked.connect(self.start)
        layout = QVBoxLayout()
        layout.addWidget(self.LogOutputTxt)
        layout.addWidget(startBtn)
        self.setLayout(layout)
        self.resize(400, 300)
        self.show()

    def start(self):
        if not self._worker.isRunning():
            self.process()

    def toLog(self, txt):
        self.LogOutputTxt.append(txt)

if __name__ == '__main__':

    app = QApplication(sys.argv)
    ui = Widget()
    sys.exit(app.exec_())