Mehrdad Faraji Mehrdad Faraji - 1 month ago 11
Android Question

How to animate FloatingActionButton like in Google+ app for Android?

I set FloatingActionButton to bottom of screen and I want to animate the button.


  • Hidden when scrolling down

  • Shown when scrolling up



Like google implemented it in their Google+ app.

I think CoordinatorLayout and AppBarLayout is needed but how to implement it to use it with the FloatingActionButton?

Answer

You can achieve it using the default FloatingActionButton changing its default Behavior using the app:layout_behavior attribute:

You can use a layout like:

 <android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout     
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:id="@+id/main_content"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout
        android:id="@+id/appbar"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar">

        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar
            android:id="@+id/toolbar"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
            app:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light"
            app:layout_scrollFlags="scroll|enterAlways" />

    </android.support.design.widget.AppBarLayout>

    // Your layout, for example a RecyclerView
    <RecyclerView
         .....
         app:layout_behavior="@string/appbar_scrolling_view_behavior" />

    <android.support.design.widget.FloatingActionButton
            android:id="@+id/fab"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_gravity="end|bottom"
            android:layout_margin="@dimen/fab_margin"
            android:src="@drawable/ic_done"      
            app:layout_behavior="com.support.android.designlibdemo.ScrollAwareFABBehavior" />

    </android.support.design.widget.CoordinatorLayout>

With the app:layout_behavior you can define your own Behavior. With the onStartNestedScroll() and onNestedScroll() methods you can interact with scroll events.

You can use a Behavior like this. You can find the original code here:

public class ScrollAwareFABBehavior extends FloatingActionButton.Behavior {
    private static final Interpolator INTERPOLATOR = new FastOutSlowInInterpolator();
    private boolean mIsAnimatingOut = false;

    public ScrollAwareFABBehavior(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super();
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onStartNestedScroll(final CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, final FloatingActionButton child,
                                       final View directTargetChild, final View target, final int nestedScrollAxes) {
        // Ensure we react to vertical scrolling
        return nestedScrollAxes == ViewCompat.SCROLL_AXIS_VERTICAL
                || super.onStartNestedScroll(coordinatorLayout, child, directTargetChild, target, nestedScrollAxes);
    }

    @Override
    public void onNestedScroll(final CoordinatorLayout coordinatorLayout, final FloatingActionButton child,
                               final View target, final int dxConsumed, final int dyConsumed,
                               final int dxUnconsumed, final int dyUnconsumed) {
        super.onNestedScroll(coordinatorLayout, child, target, dxConsumed, dyConsumed, dxUnconsumed, dyUnconsumed);
        if (dyConsumed > 0 && !this.mIsAnimatingOut && child.getVisibility() == View.VISIBLE) {
            // User scrolled down and the FAB is currently visible -> hide the FAB
            animateOut(child);
        } else if (dyConsumed < 0 && child.getVisibility() != View.VISIBLE) {
            // User scrolled up and the FAB is currently not visible -> show the FAB
            animateIn(child);
        }
    }

    // Same animation that FloatingActionButton.Behavior uses to hide the FAB when the AppBarLayout exits
    private void animateOut(final FloatingActionButton button) {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 14) {
            ViewCompat.animate(button).scaleX(0.0F).scaleY(0.0F).alpha(0.0F).setInterpolator(INTERPOLATOR).withLayer()
                    .setListener(new ViewPropertyAnimatorListener() {
                        public void onAnimationStart(View view) {
                            ScrollAwareFABBehavior.this.mIsAnimatingOut = true;
                        }

                        public void onAnimationCancel(View view) {
                            ScrollAwareFABBehavior.this.mIsAnimatingOut = false;
                        }

                        public void onAnimationEnd(View view) {
                            ScrollAwareFABBehavior.this.mIsAnimatingOut = false;
                            view.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                        }
                    }).start();
        } else {
            Animation anim = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(button.getContext(), R.anim.fab_out);
            anim.setInterpolator(INTERPOLATOR);
            anim.setDuration(200L);
            anim.setAnimationListener(new Animation.AnimationListener() {
                public void onAnimationStart(Animation animation) {
                    ScrollAwareFABBehavior.this.mIsAnimatingOut = true;
                }

                public void onAnimationEnd(Animation animation) {
                    ScrollAwareFABBehavior.this.mIsAnimatingOut = false;
                    button.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                }

                @Override
                public void onAnimationRepeat(final Animation animation) {
                }
            });
            button.startAnimation(anim);
        }
    }

    // Same animation that FloatingActionButton.Behavior uses to show the FAB when the AppBarLayout enters
    private void animateIn(FloatingActionButton button) {
        button.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= 14) {
            ViewCompat.animate(button).scaleX(1.0F).scaleY(1.0F).alpha(1.0F)
                    .setInterpolator(INTERPOLATOR).withLayer().setListener(null)
                    .start();
        } else {
            Animation anim = AnimationUtils.loadAnimation(button.getContext(), R.anim.fab_in);
            anim.setDuration(200L);
            anim.setInterpolator(INTERPOLATOR);
            button.startAnimation(anim);
        }
    }
}