saturngod saturngod - 2 months ago 15
CSS Question

Center a position:fixed element

I would like to make a

position: fixed;
popup box centered to the screen with a dynamic width and height. I used
margin: 5% auto;
for this. Without
position: fixed;
it centers fine horizontally, but not vertically. After adding
position: fixed;
, it's even not centering horizontally.

Here's the complete set:



.jqbox_innerhtml {
position: fixed;
width: 500px;
height: 200px;
margin: 5% auto;
padding: 10px;
border: 5px solid #ccc;
background-color: #fff;
}

<div class="jqbox_innerhtml">
This should be inside a horizontally
and vertically centered box.
</div>





How do I center this box in screen with CSS?

Answer

You basically need to set top and left to 50% to center the left-top corner of the div. You also need to set the margin-top and margin-left to the negative half of the div's height and width to shift the center towards the middle of the div.

Thus, provided a <!DOCTYPE html> (standards mode), this should do:

position: fixed;
width: 500px;
height: 200px;
top: 50%;
left: 50%;
margin-top: -100px; /* Negative half of height. */
margin-left: -250px; /* Negative half of width. */

Or, if you don't care about centering vertically and old browsers such as IE6/7, then you can instead also add left: 0 and right: 0 to the element having a margin-left and margin-right of auto, so that the fixed positioned element having a fixed width knows where its left and right offsets start. In your case thus:

position: fixed;
width: 500px;
height: 200px;
margin: 5% auto; /* Will not center vertically and won't work in IE6/7. */
left: 0;
right: 0;

Again, this works only in IE8+ if you care about IE, and this centers only horizontally not vertically.

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