Rafael Martins Rafael Martins - 14 days ago 4
Python Question

how to stop pandas from making first row into column names

I'm making a

pandas DataFrame
and I want to keep the first row, however it keeps getting converted to column names, I tried
headers=False
but this just deleted it entirely.

I have a string (
st = '\n'.join(lst)
) that I convert to a file-like object (
io.StringIO(st)
), then build the
csv
from that file object.

Answer

You want header=None the False gets type promoted to int into 0 see the docs emphasis mine:

header : int or list of ints, default ‘infer’ Row number(s) to use as the column names, and the start of the data. Default behavior is as if set to 0 if no names passed, otherwise None. Explicitly pass header=0 to be able to replace existing names. The header can be a list of integers that specify row locations for a multi-index on the columns e.g. [0,1,3]. Intervening rows that are not specified will be skipped (e.g. 2 in this example is skipped). Note that this parameter ignores commented lines and empty lines if skip_blank_lines=True, so header=0 denotes the first line of data rather than the first line of the file.

You can see the difference in behaviour, first with header=0:

In [95]:
import io
import pandas as pd
t="""a,b,c
0,1,2
3,4,5"""
pd.read_csv(io.StringIO(t), header=0)

Out[95]:
   a  b  c
0  0  1  2
1  3  4  5

Now with None:

In [96]:
pd.read_csv(io.StringIO(t), header=None)

Out[96]:
   0  1  2
0  a  b  c
1  0  1  2
2  3  4  5

Note that in latest version 0.19.1, this will now raise a TypeError:

In [98]:
pd.read_csv(io.StringIO(t), header=False)

TypeError: Passing a bool to header is invalid. Use header=None for no header or header=int or list-like of ints to specify the row(s) making up the column names