When should I use single quotes and double quotes in C or C++ programming?
In C and in C++ single quotes identify a single character, while double quotes create a string literal. 'a' is a single a character literal, while "a" is a string literal containing an 'a' and a null terminator (that is a 2 char array).
Note that in C, the type of a character literal is
int, and not
char, that is
sizeof 'a' is 4 in an architecture where ints are 32bit (and CHAR_BIT is 8), while
sizeof(char) is 1 everywhere.