Giorgos Giorgos - 1 year ago 127
Java Question

java.lang.String cannot be cast to [Ljava.lang.String;

I have the following and I take the error java.lang.String cannot be cast to [Ljava.lang.String;

I have change the Object[] to String[] because before that I took java.lang.Object cannot be cast to [Ljava.lang.String;
Any idea?

private Collection queryStatement(String SelectStatement) {

int colcount = 0;
int rowcount = 0;
int rowcounter = 0;

ArrayList a = new ArrayList();

Query query = getEntityManager().createNativeQuery(SelectStatement);
// Query query = getEntityManager().createNativeQuery(SelectStatement, ".findAll");

List<String[]> resultList = (List<String[]>) query.getResultList();

if (!resultList.equals(Collections.emptyList())) {
rowcount = resultList.size();

if (rowcount > 0) {
colcount = ((String[]) query.getResultList().get(0)).length;

rows = rowcount;
cols = colcount;

String[][] array = new String[rowcount][colcount];

for (String[] obj : resultList) {
String[] record = new String[colcount];
for (int colCounter = 0; colCounter < colcount; colCounter++) {
record[colCounter] = safeValue(obj[colCounter]+"");

array[ rowcounter++] = (String[]) record;

return a;


Answer Source

java.lang.String cannot be cast to [Ljava.lang.String;

This error occurs when you try to cast a String to a List of String.

For example:

List list = new ArrayList<>();
String[] values = (String[])list.get(0); -> throws the exception

For me you get this error because query.getResultList() returns a List<String> or List<Object> instead of List<String[]> such that when you try to cast a value as a String[] you get this exception.

According to the Javadoc createNativeQuery(String) returns a result of type Object[] or a result of type Object if there is only one column in the select list.

Approach #1

One simple way to fix it, could be to rely on the raw type for the result (it is not the most elegant approach but the simplest one) then later you can check the type of the content of the list to cast it properly.

List result = query.getResultList();

Then to check the type you can proceed as next:

if (resultList.isEmpty() || resultList.get(0) instanceof Object[]) {
    // Several columns in the result
    List<Object[]> resultList = (List<Object[]>) result;
    // The rest of your current code here
} else {
    // Only one column in the result
    List<Object> resultList = (List<Object>) result;

Approach #2

A more elegant way could be to create a POJO and use createNativeQuery(String sqlString, Class resultClass) to create your query, this way it will automatically map your columns with the fields of your POJO

Here is how it could look like

private Collection<T> queryStatement(String SelectStatement, Class<T> resultType) {
    Query query = getEntityManager().createNativeQuery(SelectStatement, resultType);
    List<T> resultList = (List<T>) query.getResultList();