Runcorn Runcorn - 4 months ago 15
Java Question

SSL Certificate Verification : javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException

I am trying to call a HTTPS REST API through

Jersey Client
. And on the course of development i stumble upon following error :

Exception in thread "main" com.sun.jersey.api.client.ClientHandlerException: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No name matching mvn.signify.abc.com found
at com.sun.jersey.client.urlconnection.URLConnectionClientHandler.handle(URLConnectionClientHandler.java:149)
at com.sun.jersey.api.client.Client.handle(Client.java:648)
at com.sun.jersey.api.client.WebResource.handle(WebResource.java:670)
at com.sun.jersey.api.client.WebResource.access$200(WebResource.java:74)
at com.sun.jersey.api.client.WebResource$Builder.get(WebResource.java:503)
at com.lftechnology.sbworkbench.utility.utils.PingFederateUtility.main(PingFederateUtility.java:32)
Caused by: javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No name matching mvn.signify.abc.com found


So I goggled it out for a bit and found tons of solution for it , which actually works.


  1. HTTPS using Jersey Client

  2. https://gist.github.com/outbounder/1069465

  3. How to fix the "java.security.cert.CertificateException: No subject alternative names present" error?

  4. http://www.mkyong.com/webservices/jax-ws/java-security-cert-certificateexception-no-name-matching-localhost-found/

  5. http://java.globinch.com/enterprise-java/security/fix-java-security-certificate-exception-no-matching-localhost-found/



They are in different domain but they have a common solution to work it out.

Scenario



I am currently using a self created self-signed certificate in development environment. And hence it is bound to show up the issue.

Question



The above mentioned solution focus on skipping / allowing all certificates to be verified.

But when i move it to the production environment , then i have access to Valid Signed Certificate from trustworthy source.


  1. So are these solution any help when i move to production?

  2. Is it OK to skip SSL verification ?

  3. What are the other alternate way to achieve a common solution for
    both development and production environment?



P.S

The solution i used was ,

try
{
// Create a trust manager that does not validate certificate chains
TrustManager[] trustAllCerts = new TrustManager[] {new X509TrustManager() {
public java.security.cert.X509Certificate[] getAcceptedIssuers() {
return null;
}
public void checkClientTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
}
public void checkServerTrusted(X509Certificate[] certs, String authType) {
}
}
};

// Install the all-trusting trust manager
SSLContext sc = SSLContext.getInstance("SSL");
sc.init(null, trustAllCerts, new java.security.SecureRandom());
HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultSSLSocketFactory(sc.getSocketFactory());

// Create all-trusting host name verifier
HostnameVerifier allHostsValid = new HostnameVerifier() {
public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) {
return true;
}
};

// Install the all-trusting host verifier
HttpsURLConnection.setDefaultHostnameVerifier(allHostsValid);
} catch (NoSuchAlgorithmException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
} catch (KeyManagementException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}


which i then in-cooperate with
Jersey
to make it work. And it is working great.

So , the
Question
again. Is this solution viable to be used in Production environment?

jww jww
Answer

I am currently using a self created self-signed certificate in development environment. ... javax.net.ssl.SSLHandshakeException: java.security.cert.CertificateException: No name matching dev.ppc.lftechnology.com found

It appears the self signed certificate is incorrect.

Below is the OpenSSL CONF file I use to create self signed certificates and certificate requests to use during testing. Save it as example-com.conf. Change the DNS names under [ alternate_names ] to suit your tastes. You can even put localhost, localhost.localdomain and 127.0.0.1 in there for testing.

If you want to create a self signed certificate, then use:

openssl req -config example-com.conf -new -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 \
    -nodes -keyout example-com.key.pem -days 365 -out example-com.cert.pem

If you want to create a signing request (CSR) that will be signed by a trusted authority, then use:

openssl req -config example-com.conf -new -newkey rsa:2048 \
    -nodes -keyout example-com.key.pem -days 365 -out example-com.req.pem

The difference between a self signed certificate and a signing request is the -x509 option. With -x509 present, a self signed certificate is created. The absence of -x509 means a request is created.

If you want to print your self signed certificate or request to see what's actually in it, then use:

openssl x509 -in example-com.cert.pem -text -noout
openssl req -in example-com.req.pem -text -noout

If you want to test the server, then use s_client:

openssl s_client -connect <server>:<port> -CAfile <trust-anchor.pem>

The above command should finish with a message similar to Verify OK (0). If you don't receive Verify OK (0), then fix your test rig. Once OpenSSL completes successfully, then that becomes your baseline.


[ req ]
default_bits        = 2048
default_keyfile     = server-key.pem
distinguished_name  = subject
req_extensions      = req_extensions
x509_extensions     = cert_extensions
string_mask         = utf8only

[ subject ]
countryName         = Country Name (2 letter code)
countryName_default     = US

stateOrProvinceName     = State or Province Name (full name)
stateOrProvinceName_default = NY

localityName            = Locality Name (eg, city)
localityName_default        = New York

organizationName         = Organization Name (eg, company)
organizationName_default    = Example, LLC

# Use a friendly name here. Its presented to the user.
#   The server's DNS name show up in Subject Alternate Names. Plus, 
#   DNS names here is deprecated by both IETF and CA/Browser Forums.
commonName          = Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name)
commonName_default      = Example Company

emailAddress            = Email Address
emailAddress_default        = test@example.com

[ cert_extensions ]

subjectKeyIdentifier        = hash
authorityKeyIdentifier  = keyid,issuer

basicConstraints        = CA:FALSE
keyUsage            = digitalSignature, keyEncipherment
# extendedKeyUsage  = serverAuth
subjectAltName          = @alternate_names
nsComment           = "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

[ req_extensions ]

subjectKeyIdentifier        = hash

basicConstraints        = CA:FALSE
keyUsage            = digitalSignature, keyEncipherment
# extendedKeyUsage  = serverAuth
subjectAltName          = @alternate_names
nsComment           = "OpenSSL Generated Certificate"

[ alternate_names ]

DNS.1       = example.com
DNS.2       = www.example.com
DNS.3       = mail.example.com
DNS.4       = ftp.example.com

# Add these if you need them. But usually you don't want them or
#   need them in production. You may need them for development.
# DNS.5       = localhost
# DNS.6       = localhost.localdomain
# DNS.7       = 127.0.0.1

Is it OK to skip SSL verification ?

No. That's very irresponsible. If you are not going to use PKIX correctly, then why use it at all?

This comes to mind: The Most Dangerous Code in the World: Validating SSL Certificates in Non-Browser Software.


HostnameVerifier allHostsValid = new HostnameVerifier() {
    public boolean verify(String hostname, SSLSession session) {
        return true;
    }
};

Its better to load your self signed certificate in a Keystore (or load your private CA), and then pass it to SSLContext.init. Then everything works as intended, and there's no need to trust everything or return true from verify.

Bruno and EJP have plenty of answers covering that subject.


What are the other alternate way to achieve a common solution for both development and production environment?

Use a well formed certificate that chains back to a trusted root.

For testing, you can create a self signed certificate. Or, create a certificate request and have it signed by your internal CA in a private PKI. In this case, you need to trust your self signed certificate or trust your internal CA.

For production, you can use a certificate signed by one of the members of the CA Zoo so others outside the organization trusts it too. StartCom and CACert offer free Class 1 certificates.

Class 1 certificates are usually domain validated and don't allow wild cards. While the Class 1 is issued for free, they charge for revocation because that's where the cost lies.

If you need a wild card, then you will usually to purchase a Class 2 or higher.

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